Stanovoi Pristav

Stanovoi Pristav

 

(also known simply as stanovoi), a police post in Russia, established in 1837 in every stan —a police territorial unit into which districts (uezdy) were thenceforth divided. Before 1862 the stanovoi pristav was appointed by the provincial governor from among candidates nominated by the local nobility (dvorianstvo); he was also removed from office by the governor. He was subordinate to the district police chief (uezdnyiispravnik), rural police court (zemskii sud), and, from 1862, the district police administration (uezdnnoe politseiskoe upravlenie). From 1878 the stanovoi pristav had charge of the rural police officers (politseiskie uriadniki). The office of stanovoi pristav existed until the February Revolution of 1917.

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