Stardust


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Stardust

A NASA probe that was launched Feb. 7 1999 from Cape Canaveral, Florida, to rendezvous with Comet Wild 2 and collect particle samples from its coma for return to the Earth. The Stardust project formed part of NASA's Discovery program, dedicated to making low-cost investigations of the Solar System. It was managed for NASA by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, in Pasadena, California. Its target, Comet Wild 2, was discovered in 1978 by the astronomer Paul Wild. It travels around the Sun once every 6.39 years between the orbits of Mars and Jupiter. Stardust's journey to the comet took it across 3.2 billion kilometers of interplanetary space swept by cosmic rays, solar wind particles, and interstellar dust, and involved a gravity-assist flyby of the Earth in 2001 to speed it on its way. In 2000 and 2002, Stardust collected samples of interstellar dust. On Nov. 2 2002 the probe flew by asteroid (5535) Annefrank. Stardust encountered Comet Wild 2 on Jan. 2 2004, approaching to within 240 km of the comet. Protected by special shields from high-speed collisions with material blown off from the comet as it circles the Sun, the craft collected its samples of microscopic particles from the coma using a device that employs aerogel, a substance formed from silicon dioxide and air, as a particle trap. This device, which had also been used to capture the interstellar dust particles, was then folded down into the sealed sample-return capsule. The Stardust probe's on-board camera also captured detailed images of the comet and transmitted them back to Earth. Stardust returned to the vicinity of Earth on Jan. 15 2006, when it released the capsule, which entered Earth's atmosphere and made a parachute-assisted landing at the Utah Test and Training Range near Salt lake City. After this maneuver, the main Stardust craft entered permanent solar orbit.
References in periodicals archive ?
Along with Treasure Garden's full complement of 2018 introductions, the Stardust will be on display in the Chicago Merchandise Mart, Showroom 1655 during the 2017 Casual Furniture Market, September 12 - 15, 2017.
Lord Levy, who came up with the Alvin Stardust name, said: "Rock'n roll is a tough and back biting business but I don't know anyone who had a bad word to say about Alvin because he loved and cared for everybody.
Stardust, who lived in Billingshurst, Sussex, was still performing until recently and working on a new album, Alvin - his first in 30 years - which is due for release on Monday.
All I want to say is that we all know that stardust is the father of all magazines and not from today but quiet long.
Sending Stardust to a second comet was a bargain, adding only $29 million to the mission's $300 million total cost.
Stardust was able to analyze the chemical composition of the particles, and found that they were largely carbon and cyanide, or carbon bound with nitrogen.
Stardust, which boasts an extraordinarily varied cast, with a strong Brit contingent including Ricky Gervais, Mark Williams, Claire Danes and Sienna Miller, is Michelle's highest profile movie since she took an extended work break in 2003.
And it seems that he has chosen to take the high road as he heads for big screen stardom because both Stardust and his next film, Stone Of Destiny, were shot in Scotland.
The companies in question, Stardust Marine, specialising in sailing cruises, and FG Marine (formerly Stardust) submitted an appeal for compensation to the Court of First Instance (T-360/04).
Alvin Stardust is to join the cast of Chitty Chitty Bang Bang for the final week of the production at the Birmingham Hippodrome.
The material arrived inside a capsule ejected by the Stardust spacecraft.