Stefan George


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George, Stefan

 

Born July 12, 1868, in Büdesheim; died Dec. 4, 1933, in Locarno. German poet and one of the prominent representatives of German symbolism.

During the 1890’s, George was the head of a literary circle, and in 1899 he founded the journal Blätter für die Kunst. In his collections Hymns (1890), Pilgrimage (1891), The Books of the Shepherds (1895), and The Year of the Soul (1897), which embodied certain ideas of Nietzsche, George celebrated the secret forces of nature and exceptional heroes. Later George strove for a poetic affirmation of absolute moral values (the collections The Seventh Ring, 1907, and Southern Star, 1914). The collections War (1917) and Three Songs (1921) evince the influence of expressionism. George’s style was characterized by extremely complex syntax and abundant archaic images; even his orthography was original. His mystical moods and cult of self-sufficient heroism (for example, the collection The New Reich, 1928) enabled bourgeois reactionaries to use George’s poems for their own slogans. But George himself rejected fascism and emigrated; he even left orders that he not be buried in Germany.

WORKS

Gesammelte Werke, vols. 1-18. Berlin, 1927-34.
Werke, vols. 1-2. Munich-Düsseldorf, 1958.
In Russian translation:
Sovremennye nemetskie poety v perevodakh V. El’snera. Moscow, 1913.

REFERENCES

Iz novoi nemetskoi liriki: Perevody i kharakteristiki G. Zabezhinskogo. Berlin, 1921. Pages 73-77.
Brodersen, A. Stephan George. Berlin, 1935.
Bennett, E. K. Stefan George. Cambridge, 1954.
Schultz, H. S. Studien zur Dichtung Stefan Georges. Heidelberg [1967].
Zweig, A. Essays, vol. 1. Berlin, 1959.

L. Z. KOPELEV

References in periodicals archive ?
The book contains an introduction and sixteen chapters divided into three sections--contexts, places, and authors--that encompass well-known authors such as Stefan George, Thomas Mann, Hermann Hesse, Gerhart Hauptmann, Rainer Maria Rilke, and Franz Kafka; non-canonized authors such as Wilhelm Schwaner, Wilhelm Speyer, and Heimito von Doderer; and individuals and institutions associated with Lebensreform, including the journal Kunstwart, Heinrich Pudor, Reinhold Gerling, and the sites of Jungborn (a sanatorium in the Harz Mountains), Monte Verita, and Davos.
In his youth, Kantorowicz was a German nationalist and part of the George Circle, young men devoted to poet prophet Stefan George, whose works inspired the Nazi Party.
Nada queda fuera de este circuito, el "incurable engano de nosotros mismos", como diria por su parte Stefan George, por eso nuestro ser erotiza lo otro, lo de afuera, ese conjuro de la otredad, en que no puede haber sino una "masa de viento que el mar enreda, avienta, desnuda", mientras "afuera suena el dia, un dia limpio, que por momentos huele a potrero,/ a naranjal y a mangle".
The book's final chapter probes Heidegger's textual strategies vis-a-vis verse by Holderlin, Trakl, and Stefan George in conjunction with two seminal Heideggerian themes: preservation and the relation of Dichten and Denken.
Throughout her study, Collins draws upon Scott's two autobiographies, My Years of Indiscretion (London: Mills & Boon, 1924) and Hone of Contention (New York: Arco, 1969); his books on music and other topics; his anonymous books; and letters from a variety of libraries and archives (British Library, Grainger Museum, Stefan George Archiv, University of London, and Wurttembergische Landesbibliothek).
The book dedicates its main chapters to Fernando Pessoa, Vicente Huidobro, Stefan George, Garcia Lorca and the Berkeley Renaissance, Sousindrade and brothers Augusto and Haroldo de Campos, and Kamau Brathwaite, in an attempt to reformulate modern poetics as a locus of cultural, geopolitical, ideological and ethical transference.
With a couple exceptions, the essays presented here grew out of papers presented at a May 2002 conference titled "In Search of the Secret Germany: Stefan George, His Circle and the Weimar Republic," held at the U.
A Poet's Reich: Politics and Culture in the George Circle" analyzes the works of Stefan George, who entering this tumultuous period of German history, added to the debate throughout.
This volume consists of essays exploring works of literature by the following ten modern artists: Elizabeth Bishop, Henrik Ibsen, Choderlos de Laclos, Dazai Osamu, Stefan George, Thomas Carlyle, D.
No solo Holderlin y Nietzsche cuentan como exponentes emblematicos de la creencia de que "Germania", de que el pueblo aleman es el renacimiento del espiritu griego, sino que tambien el poeta Stefan George y su circulo de amigos [George-Kreis] se enmarcan en esta linea.
Durante um seculo, foi praticamente so isso; a traducao de "Tita" por Philarete Chasles permanece sem leitores; na propria Alemanha, o escritor, tao ilustre quanto Goethe, cai no esquecimento, e e necessaria a antologia de Stefan George para trazer a luz aquele que se torna desde entao "o JeanPaul das harmonias e dos sonhos".
Meanwhile, the book has frequently been criticized as a product of the Stefan George Circle, largely due to Bertram's close friendship with George.