Stevan Sremac


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Sremac, Stevan

 

Born Nov. 11, 1855, in Senta, Vojvodina; died July 12,1906, in Soko Banja. Serbian writer.

Sremac graduated from the department of history of the Higher School of Belgrade in 1878. He fought as a volunteer in the Russo-Turkish War of 1877–78. His first published work, which appeared in the late 1880’s, was a cycle of romantic short stories, later collected under the title From Old Books (1903–09).

Sremac became a prominent satirical realist with his humorous and satirical works describing provincial life and mores. These included the novellas Ivkova slava (1896) and The Zone of Zamfirovo (Zona Zamfirova, 1907) and the novel Father Cira and Father Spira (1898; Russian translation, 1957). Other works by Sremac condemned the monarchical and bureaucratic regime in Serbia, for example, the novel Vukadin (1903; Russian translation, 1961). However, Sremac’s search for an ideal was linked with a Utopian image of a patriarchal way of life; he criticized the dissemination of social democratic ideas in the political satire Illumination in the Countryside (1893). The realism of Sremac is close to that of N. V. Gogol.

WORKS

Odabrana dela, vols. 1–4. Novi Sad, 1948–49.
In Russian translation:
Prazdniki. Zona Zamfirova. Moscow, 1974.

REFERENCES

Doronina, R. F. “Stevan Sremats.” In Zarubezhnye slavianskie literatury, XX v. Moscow, 1970.
Skerlié, U. “Stevan Sremac.” In Sabrana dela, vol. 3. Belgrade, 1964.
Gligorié, V. “Stevan Sremac.” In Srpski realisti, 4th ed. Belgrade, 1965.

R. F. DORONINA

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Although Stevan Sremac was born in the Vojvodina city of Senta, he spent most of his life in Serbia proper.