Stevens


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Stevens,

family of U.S. inventors. John Stevens, 1749–1838, b. New York City, was graduated from King's College (now Columbia Univ.) in 1768. He studied law (1768–71) and soon joined his father, a wealthy landowner and merchant, in New Jersey politics. During the American Revolution he served as treasurer of New Jersey and later (1782–83) was surveyor general of the state. In 1784 he bought an extensive tract of land in what is now Hoboken, N.J., and, when his father died in 1792, he inherited a large estate.

By the late 1780s, however, Stevens had turned his attention to steamboat transportation, and having played a major role in the establishment of the first U.S. patent laws, he procured patents for various steam boilers and auxiliary devices. With the aid of Nicholas J. Roosevelt, Stevens built (1806–8) the Phoenix, a seagoing steamboat, which, however, after 1809 shuttled between Philadelphia and Trenton. Stevens operated (1811) the first steam ferry between New York City and Hoboken, but because of the monopoly of Robert Fulton, he soon desisted. After 1810 he devoted himself to railroad activities. In 1815 he received from New Jersey the first railroad charter in the United States, and a decade later he built a pioneer locomotive.

Stevens's shipbuilding and railroad interests were carried forward by his sons. The elder son, Robert Livingston Stevens, 1787–1856, b. Hoboken, N.J., was a mechanical engineer and inventor. He made numerous improvements in the design and construction of steamboats and designed a spring piling generally used in ferry-slip construction. He was chief engineer of the Camden and Amboy RR and imported from England the famous locomotive John Bull, now exhibited in the Smithsonian Institution. He also invented the T rail, the rail spike, and a new system of laying rails, all of which came into wide use in railroad track construction.

Edwin Augustus Stevens, 1795–1868, b. Hoboken, N.J., was closely associated with his father and his brother Robert in all these enterprises. He was also noted for initiating the construction of a railroad from New York City to Philadelphia, as the inventor of the Stevens plow, and as a pioneer builder of ironclad warships. He founded the Stevens Institute of Technology.

Bibliography

See biography of John Stevens by A. D. Turnbull (1928, repr. 1973).

References in periodicals archive ?
Nell Garfinkel, Abrams Garfinkel, Margolis Bergson, LLP; Melissa Cohn, Manhattan Mortgage; Eileen Spinola, REBNY; Steven Spinola, President, REBNY; Reba Miller, RP Miller & Associates
The victim then offered to give Stevens and another man a ride home, Walker said.
Stevens also considered visual acuity and limiting far point--the greatest distance at which objects remain distinct.
The new planer will be capable of running at 2,000 feet per minute and just doing a much better quality job," says Stevens.
From the beginning, Stevens demonstrated not just a political but also a personal stake in native advancement.
Stevens and Swan, like most commentators, are thus quick to highlight the contesting extremes of de Kooning's endeavors--high craft and low vulgarity, erotic excess peppered by religious undertones, luscious bawdiness versus dark horror, and so forth.
These limitations aside, Stevens provides much that is new and intriguing.
For when his own father, an aging under-butler in the same household, falls seriously ill and tries on his deathbed to express feelings of loss and affection, Stevens is completely incapable of any sort of intimate exchange.
The facts are that on September 20, 1993, Stevens discovered that these contributions had inadvertently been made under the university's name, and took immediate action to correct this error.
Stevens appointment as President and Chief Operating Officer, Mr.
Nikki Field of Sotheby's International Realty, Kathy Sloane, Senior Vice President/Managing Director of Brown Harris Stevens, Helene Alexopoulos Warrick of Sotheby's International Realty
The 50 states thing was a proposition, a marketing ploy, but it had a lot to do with the fact that I had spent two or three years writing, working and not really doing any kind of music,'' Stevens says.