Steyn, Martinus Theunis

Steyn, Martinus Theunis

(märtē`nəs tö`nĭs stīn), 1857–1916, last president (1896–1900) of the Orange Free State (see Free StateFree State,
formerly Orange Free State, province (2011 pop. 2,745,590), 50,126 sq mi (129,825 sq km), E central South Africa. It was renamed Free State shortly after the 1994 post-apartheid constitution went into effect.
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), educated in the Netherlands and in England. He was admitted to the bar in 1882 and served as a judge. As president he made an alliance with the TransvaalTransvaal
, former province, NE South Africa. With the new constitution of 1994, it was divided into Eastern Transvaal (now Mpumalanga), Northern Transvaal (now Limpopo), Pretoria-Witwatersrand-Veereeniging (now Gauteng), and part of North West prov.
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. He led troops against British forces in the South African WarSouth African War
or Boer War,
1899–1902, war of the South African Republic (Transvaal) and the Orange Free State against Great Britain. Background
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, and he participated in the peace conference.