Stipa


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Stipa

 

a genus of plants of the family Gramineae. They are primarily perennial herbs with narrow linear and bristle-like blades, which are generally folded lengthwise. The solitary spike-lets are not numerous and are gathered in lax or, less frequently, compressed panicles. There are two lemmas; the inferior flowering glume is hard, with a long awn. There are approximately 300 species, distributed in the temperate, subtropical, and tropical zones of both hemispheres. Many species form the basic elements of the grass cover of steppes, prairies, and pampas; they also grow in meadows that have become steppe and on dry slopes and cliffs. In the USSR there are approximately 80 species, primarily in the central and southern regions of the European USSR, the Caucasus, Middle Asia, and Southern Siberia. Some of the most common species are Stipa lessingiana, feather grass (S. pennata), S. pulcherrima, S. zalesskii, and S. capillata. Many are valuable fodder plants, especially S. lessingiana. Esparto grass (S. tenacissima), which grows in the Mediterranean Region, provides raw material for the paper industry.

REFERENCE

Kormovye rasteniia senokosov i pastbishch SSSR, vol. 1. Edited by I. V. Larin. Moscow-Leningrad, 1950.

T. V. EGOROVA

References in periodicals archive ?
The clusters of flowers form purple globes above stipa tenuissima, a soft, light green wispy grass which hides the unsightly strappy leaves of the allium, and start to die down before the flower reaches its full glory.
If you decide to incorporate Stipa gigantea (giant feather grass) in your garden scheme, just bear in mind that it's not going to look fantastic all year round.
Calamagrostis will add height to ground-hugging Stipa tenuissima.
3 /PRNewswire/ -- Frontier Service Design, LLC, a leading innovation strategy firm for service-related companies, announced today the hiring of Susan Stipa as Vice President, who will oversee company operations as well as marketing for the organization.
Drought-tolerant plants Plant low-water varieties that thrive locally, such as Agastache aurantiaca, sticky monkey flower (Mimulus aurantiacus), and Salvia lanceolata, zones 7-9, 14-17; Stipa arundinacea (also known as Anemanthele lessoniana), zones 14-17.
4 STIPA ARUNDINACEA Also known as "pheasant grass", it does well in the most challenging of gardening conditions - dry and shady areas.
The giant feather grass Stipa gigantea is being used a huge amount, with low planting at the base so you can see through the grass to other elements.
If you decide to incorporate Stipa gigantea (giant feather grass) in your garden scheme, bear in mind that it's not going to look fantastic all year round.
These feature in many of this year's show gardens, along with grasses including Stipa (pictured right), Miscanthus and Carex.
For sheer magnificence and grace there is nothing to touch Stipa gigantea with its golden flower heads carried on long, wiry stems.
Minister Ludwig made the announcement in Bungendore where he inspected progress on the Stipa Native Grasses Association s project at Mulloon Creek Native Farms which was a successful funding winner under round one of the program.
Expert tip: Combine with other perennials and interesting seed heads such as sedums, poppy, verbascum, achillea and include evergreen stipa and carex grasses to add movement and texture to the scheme.