Stolon


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stolon

[′stō·lən]
(botany)
(invertebrate zoology)
An elongated projection of the body wall from which buds are formed giving rise to new zooids in Anthozoa, Hydrozoa, Bryozoa, and Ascidiacea.
(mycology)
A hypha produced above the surface and connecting a group of conidiophores.

Stolon

 

(1) In plants, a lateral shoot with long, slender inter-nodes and underdeveloped leaves that serves as a device for vegetative propagation. Unlike rhizomes, stolons have a short life-span, usually dying during their first year or after overwintering. Developing on stolonate tips are young rosetted shoots (in strawberries, saxifrages, houseleeks, cinquefoils), tubers (in potatoes), squamous tubercles (in starflowers), or bulbils (in certain species of tulips). Stolons may be above or below ground; in the latter case they are called runners.

(2) In animals, an outgrowth of the body of a colonial multicellular organism. Asexual reproduction is effected by budding of the stolons. Stolons are typical of certain coelenterates, Bryozoa, Pterobranchia, and tunicates. The buds of new individuals—the members of a colony—are formed on a stolon.

References in periodicals archive ?
The data of stolon length, node segments, visual score and percentage data of node segments, stolon, stolon length, and viable of stolon were checked for homogeneity of variance before being subjected to one-way analysis of variance.
In addition, frond and stolon morphology can adapt also to a combination of physical factors such as depth and substrate, as has been found for other Caulerpa species (Meinesz et al.
A polyp and a stolon were removed from each colony, infiltrated and embedded in EMbed 812 resin, and sectioned on a Reichert OmU2 ultramicrotome using a diatome diamond knife.
The former species spread by rhizomes and/or stolons, whereas the latter tend to be tillering types.
Additional stolon samples were removed at the same time as the controlled freezing tests (fall, winter, and summer), placed in liquid [N.
Beautiful and majestic, the quick-growing invaders are carpeting the Mediterranean seafloor with a plush shag of heavily fringed fronds, many rising 30 inches or more above anchoring runners, known as stolons.
Clonal plants consist of repetitive units (tillers, ramets), which may be interconnected via stolons or rhizomes.
The effects of clipping neighbors on root and stolon mass were significant only when arrowgrass was not clipped [ILLUSTRATION FOR FIGURE 4 OMITTED].
solani is the main cause of black scurf on potato tubers and also contributes to eyes germination inhibition, sprouts killing, stem, stolon and root damage (Hide et al.
The correlation (Table 1), it became clear that, except harvest index, has a positive correlation non-significant whit tuber yield, other traits with each other and function were a positive correlation significant, and Among these traits, respectively, the average tuber weight, number and number of stolon and tuber had the highest correlation with yield and this result represents a very positive impact on these traits is increased tuber.
To do this, the focal plane containing the maximum width of the stolon was selected.