Russia, Russia can invoke at least three treaties to try to exclude the tribunal's jurisdiction under Article 281(1): the 1997 Treaty on Friendship, Cooperation and Partnership Between Ukraine and the Russian Federation (the Friendship Treaty), (75) the 2003 Treaty Between Ukraine and the Russian Federation on the Ukrainian-Russian State Border (the Border Treaty), (76) and the 2003 Treaty Between the Russian Federation and Ukraine on Cooperation in the Use of the Sea of Azov and the Strait of Kerch (the Cooperation Treaty).
Treaty Between the Russian Federation and the Ukraine on Cooperation in the Use of the Sea of Azov and the Strait of Kerch, Russ.
Also traders are concerned about the military buildup taking place in Crimea near the Strait of Kerch
, a major transhipment point for Ukrainian and Russian grain shipments to the Middle East, where 5,000 tonne barges cross and 50,000 tonne cargoes load.
However, there are long-term benefits to the region as the Chinese are reported as planning to help build a motorway in the Crimea, and a bridge across the Strait of Kerch
, in order to connect the Crimea with Russia.
Officials said it could take years to clean up the spill in the Strait of Kerch
, Russia, which links the Black Sea with the Sea of Azov.