Strait of Magellan


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Magellan, Strait of,

c.330 mi (530 km) long and 2 1-2 to 15 mi (4–24 km) wide, separating South America from Tierra del FuegoTierra del Fuego
, [Span.,=land of fire], archipelago, 28,476 sq mi (73,753 sq km), off S South America, separated from the mainland by the Strait of Magellan. It consists of one large island (sometimes called simply Tierra del Fuego), five medium-sized islands, and numerous
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 and other islands south of the continent. Except for a few miles at its eastern end in Argentina, it passes through Chile. The strait, discovered by Ferdinand MagellanMagellan, Ferdinand
, Port. Fernão de Magalhães, Span. Fernando de Magallanes, c.1480–1521, Portuguese navigator who sailed for Portugal and Spain. Born of a noble family, he was reared as a page in the royal household.
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 in 1520, was important in the days of sailing ships, especially before the building of the Panama CanalPanama Canal,
waterway across the Isthmus of Panama, connecting the Atlantic (by way of the Caribbean Sea) and Pacific oceans, built by the United States (1904–14, on territory leased from the republic of Panama) and expanded by Pamana (2007–16).
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, and is still used by ships rounding South America. One of the most scenic waterways in the world, it affords an inland passage protected from almost continuous ocean storms. However, the strait is often foggy. The major city on the strait is Punta Arenas, on the mainland.

Magellan, Strait of

 

a strait between the mainland of South America and the Tierra del Fuego archipelago, joining the Atlantic and Pacific oceans. The coastline belongs to Chile. The strait is about 550 km long and 3.3 km wide at its narrowest point and has a minimum depth in the channel of 31-33 m. The northwestern part is the narrower, more winding, and deeper, with a steep, rocky coast from which glaciers descend into the water. The northeastern part is broader and shallower, with low lagoon banks. Navigation is treacherous because of strong westerly winds and numerous underwater rocks and shoals. In the narrows the tidal currents reach 25 km/hr. The chief port is Punta Arenas. The strait was discovered and first crossed by F. Magellan in 1520.

References in periodicals archive ?
The mention on folio 43 that its chart shows the Strait of Magellan, although it does not, suggests that the commentary probably belongs on folio 41 which relates to chart 10.
However, we did not find recruits in open areas in Smith Channel, the Strait of Magellan or Beagle Channel, characterized by the presence of cliffs and despite the presence of thin vertical bands of kelp near the shoreline.
Close to 50 beached pilot whales have been discovered in southern Chile's Strait of Magellan .
The other five types of international straits are: geographic straits through which a high-seas corridor exists (such as the Taiwan Strait); straits governed by long-standing conventions (such as the aforementioned Strait of Magellan and the Turkish Straits, as well as the Danish Straits); straits with routes through the high seas or exclusive economic zone that are of similar convenience; straits formed by islands (e.
The non-stop race - which will end next week in front of a 200m-high glacier - began with a 46-mile mountain bike south along the Strait of Magellan followed by a 53-mile kayak to Tierra del Fuego.
Winter in Fireland: A Patagonian Sailing Adventure recounts the sailing journey of author Nicholas Coghlan and his wife Jenny aboard their 27 foot sailboat, Bosun Bird, from Cape Townthrough the winter waters of the Beagle Channel and the Strait of Magellan, dancing along edges of Tierra del Fuego (Fireland).
This engaging travel memoir describes Coghlan and his wife's first trip to Patagonia in 1978, as well as their second voyage 25 years later in which they sailed from Cape Town to the Beagle Channel and the Strait of Magellan, skirting Tierra del Fuego to Puerto Montt.
The trek to this part of Patagonia begins with an overnight in Santiago, Chile, then a four-hour flight south to Punta Arenas, on the Strait of Magellan.
Crew members described how they rushed to man the pumps and halt the deluge of water pouring into the ship after the emergency was raised in December One sailor on the bridge said he feared Endurance could sink as it listed 40 degrees in the Strait of Magellan, near Chile.
Its location along the Strait of Magellan, combined with a deep water port, makes it the prime jumping off point for research vessels and tour ships heading to Antarctica.
I came back and proposed that we convert this from a South American project to a Latin American project, adding Mexico and a handful of countries from Central America, extending the reach of this work literally from the Rio Grande in the north to the Strait of Magellan at the very doorstep of Antarctica.
Readers follow Lynne as she swims the English Channel, the Strait of Magellan, and the Cape of Good Hope.