Strait of Malacca


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Malacca, Strait of

(məläk`ə), c.500 mi (800 km) long and from c.30 to 200 mi (50–320 km) wide, between Sumatra and the Malay Peninsula. Linking the Indian Ocean with the South China Sea, it is one of the world's most important sea passages. Chief ports include Belawan in Indonesia and MelakaMelaka
or Malacca
, state (1991 pop. 504,502), 640 sq mi (1,658 sq km), Malaysia, S Malay Peninsula, on the Strait of Malacca. Formerly one of the Straits Settlements, it was constituted a state of Malaya in 1957 (see Malaysia).
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 and Penang in Malaysia; Singapore is at the southern end of the strait. The Strait of Malacca has been controlled by the Arabs, the Dutch, the Portuguese, and the British. In the mid-19th cent. it was a haven for pirates who menaced Dutch and British traders. Piracy remained a problem in the strait into the early 2000s.

Malacca, Strait of

 

a strait between the Malay Peninsula and the island of Sumatra. It joins the Andaman Sea with the South China Sea. The strait is about 1,000 km long; the minimum width is about 40 km, and the minimum depth in the fairway is 25 m. The port of Singapore (the capital of the state of Singapore) is located near the southern entrance of the Strait of Malacca.

References in periodicals archive ?
Located between Indonesia and Malaysia, the Strait of Malacca is a vital shipping route connecting the northern Indian Ocean and the South China Sea, with more than 100,000 cargo ships passing through each year.
McCain crashed into a commercial vessel in the Strait of Malacca off the coast of Singapore in August.
The McCain suffered a steering failure as the warship was beginning its approach into the Strait of Malacca, causing it to collide with a commercial tanker, a Navy official told CNN.
The US Navy ordered an investigation into its entire 7th Fleet, based in Japan, after the incident in the Strait of Malacca early Monday morning.
The Navy guided-missile destroyer collided weith a Liberian-flagged oil tanker, more than three times its size on Monday at the entrance to the Strait of Malacca.
For the next 150 years, the Portuguese would control the famous and rich Strait of Malacca and attempt to subjugate the local population of Malays.
Moreover it also reduces the shipment duration route to 10 days compared to 45 days route to the Strait of Malacca.
The 21st Century Maritime Silk Road is a strategic route through the Strait of Malacca to India, the Middle East and East Africa.
Australian vessels are reportedly especially at risk because of heavy shipping traffic from Australian ports through the South China Sea and the Strait of Malacca.
But this and other projects to by-pass the Strait of Malacca are yet to materialise.
The canal, whose construction costs are calculated to be $28bn, is meant to offer an alternative sea link between Asia, the Middle East and Europe, bypassing the busy Strait of Malacca.
The economic corridor would shorten the route for Chinas energy imports, bypassing the Strait of Malacca between Malaysia and Indonesia.