Strait of Magellan

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Magellan, Strait of,

c.330 mi (530 km) long and 2 1-2 to 15 mi (4–24 km) wide, separating South America from Tierra del FuegoTierra del Fuego
, [Span.,=land of fire], archipelago, 28,476 sq mi (73,753 sq km), off S South America, separated from the mainland by the Strait of Magellan. It consists of one large island (sometimes called simply Tierra del Fuego), five medium-sized islands, and numerous
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 and other islands south of the continent. Except for a few miles at its eastern end in Argentina, it passes through Chile. The strait, discovered by Ferdinand MagellanMagellan, Ferdinand
, Port. Fernão de Magalhães, Span. Fernando de Magallanes, c.1480–1521, Portuguese navigator who sailed for Portugal and Spain. Born of a noble family, he was reared as a page in the royal household.
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 in 1520, was important in the days of sailing ships, especially before the building of the Panama CanalPanama Canal,
waterway across the Isthmus of Panama, connecting the Atlantic (by way of the Caribbean Sea) and Pacific oceans, built by the United States (1904–14, on territory leased from the republic of Panama) and expanded by Pamana (2007–16).
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, and is still used by ships rounding South America. One of the most scenic waterways in the world, it affords an inland passage protected from almost continuous ocean storms. However, the strait is often foggy. The major city on the strait is Punta Arenas, on the mainland.

Magellan, Strait of

 

a strait between the mainland of South America and the Tierra del Fuego archipelago, joining the Atlantic and Pacific oceans. The coastline belongs to Chile. The strait is about 550 km long and 3.3 km wide at its narrowest point and has a minimum depth in the channel of 31-33 m. The northwestern part is the narrower, more winding, and deeper, with a steep, rocky coast from which glaciers descend into the water. The northeastern part is broader and shallower, with low lagoon banks. Navigation is treacherous because of strong westerly winds and numerous underwater rocks and shoals. In the narrows the tidal currents reach 25 km/hr. The chief port is Punta Arenas. The strait was discovered and first crossed by F. Magellan in 1520.

References in periodicals archive ?
They once roamed from the Yukon to the Straits of Magellan, over 110 degrees latitude, and from the Atlantic to the Pacific.
The blog's "Reader Essential Experience of the Week" follows the excitement of sea kayaking in the Straits of Magellan.
South America : An overnight stay in Buenos Aires highlights the beginning of a 14-night voyage on Celebrity Infinity, followed by visits to Montevideo and Punta Del Este, Uruguay; Puerto Madryn and Ushuaia, Argentina; Cape Horn, Punta Arenas, and Puerto Montt, Chile, in addition to sailing through the Straits of Magellan and Chilean Fjords, ending in Valparaiso, Chile.
It also shows what is now known as the Straits of Magellan, six years before it was sailed through (Stevenson 1921, v.
Darwin collected the Ovenbird, in 1834, as the Beagle explored Wolsey Sound in the Straits of Magellan, at the southern tip of South America.
Pursued for ceramics by whalers, the endangered humpback whales, or yubartas, of the southern hemsphere are slowly making a comeback Migrants from the salty seas, they swim hundreds of miles to feed at the Antarctic coasts Once they gain enough energy and weight, they will swim hundreds more miles to the tropics to court, mate, and give birth to new offspring As Chilean scientists discovered, however, about 150 of them also undertake a much shorter journey to feast in the waters of the Straits of Magellan.
This block is located northeast of the Straits of Magellan, continuing north to the Argentinean border.
On the rocky shores of the Straits of Magellan, a large colony of Magellan penguins is scurrying to begin its yearly migration.
The voyage continues with a visit to Ushuaia, Argentina, a charming fishing village in the territory of Tierra del Fuego, home to unique sub- Antarctic forests; another day of scenic cruising of Cape Horn/Beagle Island, and a call at Punta Arenas, Chile, which lies at the entrance to the Straits of Magellan and is considered the gateway to Antarctica.
Over 300 wells are currently located within the outline of the block which is located northeast of the Straits of Magellan, continuing north to the Argentine border.
Lauderdale) eastbound and westbound "South American Odysseys," bringing guests around Cape Horn via the Drake Passage, Beagle Channel and the Straits of Magellan, calling on 15 ports in 12 countries in total.
Before the opening of the Panama Canal, every ship that went through the Straits of Magellan on its way to California had to stop in Valparaiso for provisions and recreation.