Strand, Paul,1890–1976, American photographer, b. New York City. Strand studied under Lewis HineHine, Lewis (Lewis Wickes Hine),
1874–1940, American photographer, b. Oshkosh, Wis. Hine dedicated much of his photographic career, which began shortly after he bought his first camera in 1903, to exposing in sharp, painful images the social evils of the industrial
..... Click the link for more information. , who introduced him to Alfred StieglitzStieglitz, Alfred
, 1864–1946, American photographer, editor, and art exhibitor, b. Hoboken, N.J. The first art photographer in the United States, Stieglitz more than any other American compelled the recognition of photography as a fine art.
..... Click the link for more information. . At Stieglitz's famed "291" gallery, Strand had his first one-man exhibition (1916); the last two issues of Stieglitz's Camera Work (1917) were devoted to Strand's photography. His principal early subjects were Manhattan life and 20th-century machinery. In the 1920s he made his exquisitely composed landscape and nature photographs. Strand made documentary films in Mexico, the USSR, and the United States. His superb portraits of regions are reproduced in Time in New England (1950), Un Paese (1954), Tir A'Mhurain (1968, on the Hebrides), and Living Egypt (1969).
See his Retrospective Monograph (2 vol., 1972); Paul Strand: Sixty Years of Photographs (repr. 2005); P. Barberie and A. Bock, ed., Paul Strand: Master of Modern Photography (2014).