Strategus


Also found in: Dictionary, Wikipedia.

Strategus

 

(1) In Greek city-states from the late sixth to mid-first centuries B.C., a military commander invested with broad military and political powers. Athens had a college of ten strate-gi: one to command the hoplites, one to oversee naval supplies, one to oversee defense, two to protect Piraeus, and five (taking turns) to command troops in campaigns. The Assembly elected one strategus from each phyle for a one-year term. Repeated election was permitted; Pericles, for example, served 15 years. The post of strategus was unpaid. Strategi headed Greek military and political alliances, including the Achaean and Aetolian leagues. In modern Russian, the word strateg is used to designate a commander of large-scale military operations.

(2) In Byzantium, beginning in the seventh century, a governor with military and civil authority over a theme (a Byzantine military and administrative district). In the 11th century the civil functions of strategi passed to judges or praetors, and military functions to duces who headed enlarged themes. The strategus later became the commander of a town or fortress garrison. The term “strategus,” in this sense, went out of use in the 12th century.and

References in periodicals archive ?
Strategus jugurtha Burmeister, 1847: Se recolecto un individuos macho en la RB, con trampas de luz blanca en mayo.
1) Cyclocephala melanocephala, (2) Cyclocephala ovulum, (3) Cyclocephala sp, (4) Dyscinetus dubius, (5) Euetheola humilis, (6) Tomarus cuniculus, (7) Tomarus fossor, (8) Hemiphileurus sp, (9) Strategus aloeus, (10) Phileurus didymus, (11) Strategus jugurtha.
50-99]) of various insecticides at the indicated concentration applied against Strategus aloeus (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) adults.
A total of 38,619 specimens belonging to 29 species of the genera Phyllophaga, Diplotaxis, Paranomala, Pelidnota, Cyclocephala, Dyscinetus, Strategus, Oxygrylius, Megasoma, Dichotomius, Copris, Digitonthophagus and Hybosorus were collected.
Familia Subfamilia Tribu Genero Passalidae Passai i nae Passalini Ptichopus Scarabacidac Scarabac in ac unthophagini Digitonthophagus Melolonthidae Melolonthinae Diplotaxini Diplotaxis Melolonthini Polyphylla Phyllophaga Rutclinac Anomalini Paranomala Epedinaspis Rutelini Pelidnota Dynastinae Cycloceplialini Cydocephala Pentodontini Ligyrus Oryctini Strategus Phileurini Phileurus Cetoniidae Cetoniinae Gymnetini Cotinis Total Familia Especie No.
lunulata, Strategus aloeus y Golofa pusilla estuvieron mejor representadas en junio y disminuyeron en julio y agosto.
307 especimenes que representan 4 subfamilias, 11 tribus y 57 especies de los generos: Calomacraspis, Macraspis, Pelidnota, Chrysina, Anomala, Strigoderma, Cotinis, Hologymnetis, Euphoria, Golofa, Strategus, Cyclocephala, Tomarus, Bothynus, Phyllophaga, Diplotaxis, Polyphylla, Isonychus, and Chnaunanthus.
Entre las especies con mayor numero de ejemplares se encuentran: Neoscelis dohrni con 64 ejemplares, Cotinis mutabilis (57), Onthophagus batesi (36), Attavicinus monstrosus, Euphoria basalis, Strategus aloeus y Tomarus sallei con 30 cada una, Strigoderma sulcipennis (29), Xyloryctes howdenorum (27), Euphoria biguttata (25), Euphoria pulchella (24), Euphoria subtomentosa y Megasoma occidentalis con 22 cada una y Anomala cincta, Canthon cyanellus y Dynastes hyllus con 21 especimenes cada especie.
456); when the Peloponnesian War broke out (431) he probably took part in some early actions, but was stricken with the plague (430-427); elected strategus (424), he was given command of the fleet based in Thasos that operated along the Thracian coast; failed to prevent the fall of Amphipolis (Amfipolis) to a midwinter attack mounted by the Spartan Brasidas (424); recalled to Athens, where he was tried and exiled; during his exile he began to compile notes for his history of the war; he returned to Athens after the peace (404); there, he worked steadily on his history but died, leaving his masterpiece unfinished (c.
ovulum Bates, 1888 * Dynastes hyllus Chevrolat,1843 Strategus aloeus (Linne, 1758) 1 1 Xyloryctes telephus Burmeister, 1847 Ligyrus sallei Bates, 1888 6 Phileurus valgus (Olivier, 1789) 1 Euphoria basalis (Gory & Percheron, 1833) TOTALES POR MES 6 3 2 9 243 ESPECIES J J A S O Diplotaxis angularis LeConte, 1856 42 31 1 12 D.
5 Strategus, Golofa, Xyloryctes, Euetheola, Enema Fitofagos Rizo-filofago Phyllophaga, 39.