Strauss


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Related to Strauss: Leo Strauss

Strauss

(strous, Ger. shtrous), family of Viennese musicians. Johann Strauss, 1804–49, learned to play the violin against his parents' wishes. In 1819 he joined the dance orchestra of Josef Lanner (1801–43), whom he later rivaled. In 1826 Strauss organized his own orchestra. His waltzes won him fame that was extended over all Europe when he toured Austria (1833) and played in Berlin (1834) and in Paris and London (1837–38). His son, Johann Strauss, 1825–99, followed a musical career against his father's wishes. In 1844 he formed an orchestra that was immediately successful and became the rival of his father's. After the elder Johann's death, the son combined the two orchestras. He composed more than 400 waltzes, on which his fame largely rests and which include the enormously popular Blue Danube (1866) and Tales from the Vienna Woods (1868). With these he brought the Viennese waltz to a height of musical artistry, endowing it with new melodic, rhythmic, and orchestral richness. He also composed a number of operettas of which Die Fledermaus [the bat] (1874) and Der Zigeunerbaron (The Gypsy Baron, 1885) are outstanding. His other works for the stage were hampered by their inadequate librettos and a lack of dramatic interest. Two of his brothers, Josef Strauss, 1827–70, and Eduard Strauss, 1835–1916, were also successful composers and conductors.

Bibliography

See biography of Johann (father and son) by H. Fantel (1972). See also biographies of the Strauss family, by J. Pastene (1951, repr. 1971) and J. Wechsberg (1973).

Strauss

1. David Friedrich . 1808--74, German Protestant theologian: in his Life of Jesus (1835--36) he treated the supernatural elements of the story as myth
2. Johann . 1804--49, Austrian composer, noted for his waltzes
3. his son, Johann, called the Waltz King. 1825--99, Austrian composer, whose works include The Blue Danube Waltz (1867) and the operetta Die Fledermaus (1874)
4. Richard . 1864--1949, German composer, noted esp for his symphonic poems, including Don Juan (1889) and Till Eulenspiegel (1895), his operas, such as Elektra (1909) and Der Rosenkavalier (1911), and his Four Last Songs (1948)
References in periodicals archive ?
Aussies be their Strauss and new chief executive Tom Harrison spoke constantly of giving 'clarity' over the off as eye exile of Kevin Pietersen, yet offered only vagaries.
Richard Strauss and His Heroines has general appeal for music academics and students, but its heavy reliance on interview material from prominent performers makes it most attractive to vocalists, vocal students, and opera fans.
In chapter two, Walsh claims that Strauss regards the art of "esoteric writing" as a strategy adopted by philosophers out of fear of persecution (that is, physical extinction) by the vulgar.
Sky Sports had been on a break but viewers of Fox Sports in Australia, who take the channel's commentary, heard the exchange between Strauss and Nick Knight.
Strauss and Fackenheim, though separated in birth by nearly two decades, shared a common background as intellectual Jews in Weimar Germany.
To train for the Triple Bypass, Derrick Strauss clocked hundreds of miles on his bike, sure to hit major inclines and declines along the way.
No decisions have been made as yet regarding the TPG exit alternatives, as Strauss Group and TPG continue to explore together possible options.
With his new work he concentrates, notwithstanding what his subtitle might imply, on Strauss the performer.
Bi-Mart on Thursday gave Strauss, 99, a gift card in exchange for the Crosman pump air rifle that she won during the store's "Lucky Tuesday" drawing this week, but did not want.
The brands, including Chornaya Karta and Kaffa, will be integrated into Strauss's coffee operations in the Confederation of Independent States region, Strauss said.
9) The Internet abounds with conspiracy theories locating Strauss as the eminence grise 'behind the throne', seated in nocturnal counsel alongside Vice President Dick Cheney, 'kingmaker' Karl Rove and others.
Our historical research is so fruitful -- the ample burial records, the historical maps,'' said Strauss, who's worked as an archaeologist for 10 years.