The present study was intended to evaluate the aetiological factors, clinical presentation and various treatment modalities of dysphagia due to benign oesophageal strictures
Management of short distal ureteral strictures
with open and laparoscopic ureteroneocystostomy procedures are successful and effective.
Dysphagia was most frequent in patients with alkali--and HIV related strictures
although this observation was not statistically significant (Table 2).
2,6,7,1)(3) Though anastomotic strictures
may develop many years following urinary diversion, the mean time to stricture
occurrence has been reported to be between five and 13.
of the anterior urethra account for 92% of cases of urethral stricture
Large bowel TB patients may present with ulcers, stricture
, perforation and granuloma.
There are multiple modalities available for diagnosing urethral strictures
as voiding cystourethrography, retrograde urethrography (RUG), sonourethrography (SUG), MRI and endoscopic cystourethrography.
Risk factors for hypopharyngeai/upper esophageal stricture
formation after concurrent chemoradiation.
Patients with traumatic urethral stricture
, h/o optical internal urethrotomy, congenital or malignant strictures
and those not ready to perform regular CISC after optical internal urethrotomy were excluded.
Esophageal injuries related with intake of caustic substances are the main reason of esophageal strictures
and esophageal dilatations in children (2).
The voiding cystourethrogram done after ruling out the urinary tract infection demonstrated multiple strictures
of the penile urethra, a stricture
of the posterior urethra, and a flaccid bladder (Figure 2).
Pathophysiology and factors predisposing the location of such colonic strictures
are not entirely elucidated.