Stroganov

Stroganov

 

a family of Russian merchants, industrialists, major landowners, and government figures of the 16th to early 20th centuries. The Stroganovs were descendants of a family of Po-mor’e peasants that had become wealthy.

Fedor Lukich Stroganov settled in Sol”-Vychegodsk. Here his son, Anikei (Anika) Stroganov (1497–1570), established a saltworks in 1515. Under his management the commercial holdings of the Stroganovs expanded greatly. In 1558, Ivan IV the Terrible granted to Anikei Stroganov and his descendants the vast domains on the Kama and Chusovaia rivers known as the Perm” domains. In 1566, at the Stroganovs” request, their lands became part of the oprichnina (the tsar’s domain).

The Stroganovs seized the lands of the indigenous population. Settling these lands with newly arrived Russian peasants, they established saltworks and developed agriculture, fishing, hunting, and mining. They built cities and fortresses, and with their military detachments suppressed the uprisings of the indigenous nationalities and annexed to Russia new territories in the Cis-urals, the Urals, and Siberia.

Semen Anikeevich Stroganov (died 1609) and Anikei’s grandsons Maksim Iakovlevich Stroganov (died in the 1620’s) and Ni-kita Grigor’evich Stroganov (died 1620) helped organize Ermak’s campaign of 1581. During the foreign intervention of the early 17th century, the Stroganovs contributed large quantities of supplies and extensive financial and military aid to the government; the funds contributed amounted to approximately 842,000 rubles. For their services, the Stroganovs were granted the title of imenitye liudi (distinguished men) in 1610.

In the 17th century, the Stroganovs developed the salt-making industry extensively in the Sol”-Kama region. In the 1680’s, Gri-gorii Dmitrievich Stroganov (1656–1715) consolidated the domains that had been divided up among the heirs of Anikei Stro-ganov’s children. He also seized the saltworks of the Shustov and Filat’ev merchant families.

During the Northern War (1700–21), the Stroganovs rendered great financial aid to Peter I’s government. In the 18th century, they established several ironworks and copper smelteries in the Urals. In 1722, Aleksandr, Nikolai, and Sergei Stroganov, the sons of Grigorii Dmitrievich Stroganov, became barons, and later counts. The Stroganovs became members of the Russian aristocracy and began occupying major governmental posts.

Sergei Grigor’evich Stroganov (1707–56) was an important figure during the reign of Elizaveta Petrovna. His son, Aleksandr Sergeevich Stroganov (1733–1811), served on the commission that drafted a new code of laws under Catherine II. In the late 18th and early 19th centuries, he was president of the Academy of Arts, director of the Public Library, and a member of the State Council.

Pavel Aleksandrovich Stroganov (see) was a member of the Unofficial Committee of Alexander I and deputy minister of internal affairs. Sergei Grigor’evich Stroganov (seeSTROGANOV. SERGEI GRIGOR’EVICH) was governor-general of Moscow in 1859 and 1860. Aleksandr Grigor’evich Stroganov was minister of internal affairs from 1839 to 1841 and a member of the State Council beginning in 1849.

Many of the Stroganovs were renowned for their interest in art, literature, history, and archaeology. The Stroganovs owned vast libraries and collections of paintings, coins, prints, and medals.

REFERENCE

Vvedenskii, A. A. Dom Stroganovykh v XVI-XVII vv. Moscow, 1962.

V. I. BUGANOV

References in periodicals archive ?
In the 17th century, a split in the church led to a decline in the creation and use of icons, with the Stroganov school and the community of Old Believers in Nevyansk masters of the last important phase of icon painting.
CLINTON --The Museum of Russian Icons has announced it has acquired a rare set of 10 Stroganov Studio calendar icons, or minyeia.
8220;Findoo securely opens individuals up to new local connections with targeted functionality to streamline connections based on specific activities and interests,” said Dmitry Stroganov, a Russian entrepreneur and the founder of Findoo.
7 is based on the results of Okada [Ok] and Stroganov [St] that sums of certain quantities over all ASMs (i.
The Winter Palace is the most famous of St Petersburg's palaces, and forms part of the State Hermitage Museum, but other palaces worth a visit are Anichkov Palace, the Marble Palace, Stroganov Palace, Mikhailovskiy Palace, and the Palace of Grand Duke Vladimir Alexandrovich.
In 1908, Vladimir Mayakovsky enters the Stroganov School of Industrial Arts in Moscow and from there he transfers to the Moscow Institute of Painting and Sculpture and Architecture in 1911.
If you want to sample high-end living, you could do worse than go for dinner at the Russian Empire restaurant in the dazzling baroque 18th-century Stroganov Palace, just off Nevsky.
Customers at 1-2-3 CafEaA[umlaut] are offered their favorite childhood dishes: borshch, shish-kebab, meat dumplings, schnitzel, and Beef Stroganov.
Main Courses: Chops (kotlety) - made of various kind of meat in various regions Pelmeny - small balls of minced meat covered with pastry Steak (otbivnaya) - beef and pork ones are the most popular kinds Beef stroganov - pieces of beef prepared with cream sauce Kiev-style chicken (kotleta po-kievsky) - a special type of chicken chop with butter inside
La Bourdelaise was almost certainly not part of the collection of his father, Sir Robert, which was sold wholesale to Catherine II of Russia to pay the debts of Horace's dissolute nephew, although it joined his father's pictures at the Hermitage in 1923 as part of the Stroganov Collection, having been bought by a dealer at the dispersal of the contents of Strawberry Hill in 1842.
The Ukrainian artist, who graduated from the Odessa State Fine Arts College in 1987 and from the Stroganov Institute of Art in 1994, brilliantly captured and incorporated familiar images that are deeply rooted in the Arabian heritage and area.