Štursa, Jan(yän shto͝or`sä), 1880–1925, Czech sculptor. His early work shows the influence of Rodin. Among his works are The Melancholy Girl, Primavera, Eve, and a monument to Hana Kvapilova, a Czech actress.
Born May 15, 1880, in Nové Město, Moravia; died May 2,1925, in Prague. Czech sculptor.
Štursa studied at a school for masons and sculptors in Hořice from 1894 to 1898 and at the Academy of Arts in Prague under J. V. Myslbek from 1899 to 1903. His statues reveal the influence of symbolism. They include human figures of sensuous beauty, for example, Eve (1908), and of dramatic power, such as Wounded Man (1920–21); both works are housed in the National Gallery, Prague. Štursa designed many monuments and monumental decorative compositions, such as the sculptural groups Labor and Humaneness for the Hlávkův Bridge in Prague (1911–13) and a monument to S. Čech, also in Prague (1921–22). His works also include expressive portraits, notably a likeness of B. Němcová (1924, National Gallery, Prague).
Štursa worked mainly in bronze. His statues, which are distinguished for their emotional force, had a great influence on the development of Czechoslovak realist sculpture in the 20th century.
REFERENCESMatějček, A. Jan Štursa, 1880–1925. Prague, 1950.
Wittlich, P. Kresby Jana Štursy. Prague, 1959.