a parasitic blood disease of camels, horses, donkeys, and dogs caused by the trypanosome Trypanosoma ninaekohlyakimovae. The causative agent of su-auru is transmitted from infected to healthy animals by bloodsucking flies of the family Tabanidae. The disease is widespread in the USSR, mainly in the Middle Asian republics.
The incubation period of su-auru is approximately one to three weeks. Diseased animals exhibit pallor of the mucous membranes, elevated body temperature, edema, and eye and skin lesions. If untreated, the disease is fatal. Su-auru is treated with suramin sodium, Pyraldin, and other drugs. Preventive measures include the control of bloodsucking insects and the injection of healthy animals with suramin sodium or Pyraldin.