Submachine Gun

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submachine gun

[¦səb·mə′shēn ‚gən]
A type of machine gun; a short-barreled shoulder firearm using pistol-type ammunition and capable of full automatic fire.

Submachine Gun


an individual automatic firearm. The submachine gun is designed to destroy enemy personnel in close battle, usually at distances of less than 200 m.

The first submachine guns, such as the Italian 1915 Revelli submachine gun and the German 1918 Bergmann, appeared during World War I and were more like standard machine guns. Submachine guns became widespread in World War II (1939–45) and were also called machine pistols. Submachine guns used in the Red Army were the PPD-40 designed by V. A. Degtiarev, the PPSh-41 of G. S. Shpagin, and the PPS-43 of A. I. Sudaev. The fascist German Army used 1938 and 1940 models (MR-38–40), the Americans used the M3, the British had the Sten, and the Finns had the Suomi. After the war, the old submachine-gun systems were replaced by new ones in the armed forces of the United States, Great Britain, the Federal Republic of Germany, and other countries. After the war, the Soviet armed forces adopted the M. G. Kalashnikov submachine guns, which have more powerful shells and a sighting range of up to 1,000 m.

Basic parts and mechanisms of submachine guns include barrel, receiver, breechblock, trigger mechanism, recoil spring, sights, butt, safety catch, and magazine. Some submachine guns have muzzle brakes, or replenishers, to decrease recoil and stabilize the gun during firing. To reduce the length and make them easier to carry, most submachine guns have folding-type metal stocks. The design of submachine guns makes possible automatic fire and, in some models, single-shot fire. In most submachine guns the automatic feature is based on the principle of a blow-back bolt. Ammunition is fed by box or drum-type magazines. Submachine guns ordinarily fire in short bursts of three to five shots each.


References in periodicals archive ?
He had used the Greenwoods to source Uzi sub-machine guns, which he converted to fire 800 rounds a minute, a U25 sub-machine gun, AK47 assault rifles, Browning pistols and PPK handguns.
A TEENAGER who hid a sub-machine gun used to kill a schoolgirl walked free from court yesterday because he was 15 years old at the time.
There were 20 officers with sub-machine guns and pistols on their belts.
Residents in Stockingford, Nuneaton, witnessed amazing scenes as police with sub-machine guns arrived in cars and vans.
To have police officers toting sub-machine guns in an area crowded with shoppers and their children is almost unbelievable.
Sub-machine guns which can fire up to ten bullets a second are beginning to appear on the streets, with the danger of innocent people being caught in the crossfire.
A COUPLE appeared in court yesterday charged with possession of firearms after 300 weapons, including sub-machine guns and pump-action shotguns, were seized in a raid in a quiet seaside town.
Players are armed with sub-machine guns to hunt down the cartoon characters in the game, distributed free on the Internet.
Terrified Michael Jenkins told of the moment Civil Nuclear Constabulary officers, carrying sub-machine guns, ordered him out of his office, saying: "Come out of the building with your hands where we can see them.
A dramatic police chase of a stolen car began in Rugby and ended several miles away with officers carrying sub-machine guns surrounding blocks of flats, in Attoxhall Road, Wyken, Coventry, People at William Malcolm House and nearby Vincent Wyles House were not allowed to leave or enter the buildings as police searched the high-rise flats floor by floor, and several nearby roads were also sealed off.
A pensioner and his son who supplied criminals with thousands of supposed-ly safe rifles, sub-machine guns and pistols with tools to convert them back into lethal weapons, were being sentenced today.
Other weapons found include Uzi sub-machine guns, Model 15 Magnums as used in the Dirty Harry films, Chinese-made Tokarev semi-automatic pistols, Browning 9mm pistols and .