sudden infant death syndrome

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Related to Sudden Infant Death: SIDS

sudden infant death syndrome

(SIDS) or

crib death,

sudden, unexpected, and unexplained death of an apparently healthy infant under one year of age (usually between two weeks and eight months old). SIDS accounts for 10% of infant deaths and is the second highest cause of death (after accidents) in infancy. The risk is higher in males, in low-birth-weight infants, in lower socioeconomic levels, during cold months, and for babies who sleep face down.

Causal theories suggest that the infant may have immature or hypersensitive lungs, may have a defect in brain-stem control of breathing, or may be rebreathing carbon dioxide. Recent studies have shown persistent high levels of an infant form of hemoglobinhemoglobin
, respiratory protein found in the red blood cells (erythrocytes) of all vertebrates and some invertebrates. A hemoglobin molecule is composed of a protein group, known as globin, and four heme groups, each associated with an iron atom.
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 in babies with known risk factors for the condition.

SIDS victims are thought to have brief episodes of apnea (breathing stoppage) before the fatal one. An alarm system that detects breathing abnormalities is sometimes used with infants suspected of being prone to SIDS. The American Academy of Pediatrics has recommended that babies be laid to sleep on their backs or sides.

sudden infant death syndrome

[′səd·ən ′in·fənt ¦deth ′sin‚drōm]
The sudden and unexpected death of an apparently normal infant that remains unexplained after the performance of an adequate autopsy. Abbreviated SIDS. Also known as crib death; sudden death syndrome.
References in periodicals archive ?
Infant sleeping position and the risk of sudden infant death syndrome in California, 1997-2000.
Sudden infant death syndrome: New trends in the nineties (pp.
Apnea of prematurity, sudden infant death syndrome, and apparent life-threatening events.
Use of a fan during sleep and the risk of sudden infant death syndrome.
Integrated morphological and immunohistochemical studies of lung tissue in some cases allow to verify the diagnosis in sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS).
Sudden infant death syndrome risk factors with regards to sleep position, sleep surface, and co-sleeping.
Reducing the risk of sudden infant death syndrome: a review of scientific literature.
As part of the campaign against sudden infant death syndrome, the Baltimore City Health Department will distribute a "onesie" to each newborn in Baltimore.
Guidelines for death scene investigation of sudden, unexplained infant deaths: recommendations of the Interagency Panel on Sudden Infant Death Syndrome.
The incidence of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) has declined by 75 percent since 1991, when the "back to sleep" campaign was launched.
The programme supports parents who have previously experienced sudden infant death syndrome.

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