Suetonius


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Related to Suetonius: Tacitus, Suetonius Paulinus

Suetonius

(Caius Suetonius Tranquillus) (swētō`nēəs), c.A.D. 69–c.A.D. 140, Roman biographer. Little is known about his life except that he was briefly the private secretary of Emperor Hadrian. His De vita Caesarum [concerning the lives of the Caesars] survives almost in full; it was translated into English by Robert Graves as The Twelve Caesars (1957). There are also fragments of a much larger collection of biographies, De viris illustribus [concerning illustrious men]. He gathered together all sorts of anecdotes, and the resultant biographies are lively and informative. Suetonius was taken as a model by many later biographers.

Suetonius

 

(Gaius Suetonius Tranquillus). Born circa A.D. 70; died after 122. Roman historian and writer.

Of equestrian rank, Suetonius served as secretary under the emperor Hadrian from approximately 119 to 122. Of Suetonius’ numerous works on history, everyday customs, and philology, only two principal works have survived: the whole of Lives of the Caesars (in eight books) and De Grammaticis et rhetoribus, from a longer work about famous figures of Roman literature.

Lives of the Caesars contains biographies of the Roman emperors from Julius Caesar to Domitian. All the biographies follow the same outline: first, a description of the emperor’s origins and youth; next, an account of his political, military, and juridical activities and details of his character, external appearance, and private life; and finally, an account of the circumstances of his death. Suetonius depicts Augustus and Titus as ideal rulers. Suetonius was interested mainly in presenting facts rather than in analyzing the historical causes or the psychological motives of the events he recorded. His entertaining style accounts for the popularity of his works among his contemporaries and later readers.

WORKS

In Russian translation:
Zhizn’ dvenadtsati Tsezarei. [O znamenitykh liudiakh: Fragmenty. Translated from Latin and with notes by M. L. Gasparov.] Moscow, 1966.

REFERENCES

Gasparov, M. L. “Novaia zarubezhnaia literatura o Tatsite i Svetonii.” Vestnik drevnei istorii, 1964, no. 1.
Steidle, W. Sueton und die antike Biographie, 2nd ed. Munich, 1963.

Suetonius

full name Gaius Suetonius Tranquillus. 75--150 ad, Roman biographer and historian, whose chief works were Concerning Illustrious Men and The Lives of the Caesars (from Julius Caesar to Domitian)
References in periodicals archive ?
His early essay "The Twelve Caesars" (1952) is an excited response to the Graves translation of Suetonius.
Yr awgrym felly yw fod hi ar ben ar y Derwyddon, un ai fod Suetonius Paulinus wedi eu lladd i gyd wrth iddo ymosod ar Fn yn y flwyddyn 60 OC neu fod y Derwyddon wedi heglu hi fyny am Lannerch-y-medd a chadw o'r ffordd drwy guddio yn y coed - achos does dim sn amdanynt byth eto.
11) For example, Suetonius tells us of the powerful impression that Augustus made on visitors, and his intimidating eyes.
Sixty years after Nero's reign, the historian Suetonius wrote that the dining room revolved "night and day, in imitation of the motion of the celestial bodies".
My view was that we should investigate further the report that there had been a battle between 200,000 Britons under Bou-dicca and the Roman Army of 10,000 under Suetonius Paulinus somewhere off Watling Street in the West Midlands in 61AD.
In addition to his political cruelty, Tiberius, if the frank testimony of Suetonius is to be believed, was a depraved monster in his private life.
According to Suetonius, even his own mother considered him 'a monster, a man whom Mother Nature had begun to work upon but then flung aside' certainly he was possibly involved in the plot to assassinate his nephew Caligula and thus succeed as the fourth emperor of Rome.
To link this with the point from which he started, he adds that "bread" here is to be understood, following Suetonius in his Claudius, (36) as the "annonae," the quantity of grain provided annually by the emperors, which Plutarch (37) says cost over 1250 talents, and that a talent was equivalent to six hundred modern gold pieces.
In the book The Lives of the Caesars, his contemporary biographer Suetonius tells of Julius's taste for pearls.
Many scholars have placed her crushing defeat at the hands of governor Suetonius Paulinus at Mancetter, several miles west along Watling Street, just outside Atherstone.
Back in 1962, Dr Webster in his book The Rebellion of Boudicca, written with Professor Donald Dudley, said : 'Anyone who explores the densely wooded hills to the north and west of the modern village of Mancetter will agree they would have given Suetonius the position he needed.
How instructive it would be to reread Einhard's biography of Charlemagne with an ear sensitive to the dialogue between its author's natural memories of the emperor and his "artificial" memories of Suetonius.