Suharto


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Suharto

or

Soeharto

(both: so͞ohär`tō), 1921–2008, president of Indonesia (1967–98). A veteran of the war for independence (1945–49) against the Dutch, he became army chief of staff in 1965. He opposed the pro-Chinese policies of President SukarnoSukarno
, 1901–70, Indonesian statesman, first president of Indonesia. A leader of the radical nationalist movement founded in 1927, he was jailed and exiled by the Dutch at various times in the 1930s.
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 and, while still relatively unknown, crushed a coup in 1965, which was blamed on the Communists, and then moved to replace Sukarno. Suharto assumed key civilian cabinet offices in 1966, became acting president in 1967, and assumed the office of supreme commander of the army and was elected president in 1968. With political parties severely limited, he was reelected every five years from 1973 to 1998. Under Suharto, Western investment was encouraged and Indonesia gradually recovered from the economic morass into which it had fallen, achieving economic growth and political stability. At the same time, however, dissent was suppressed and human rights violated in the name of consensus. Suharto and his family used their power to enrich themselves and their friends, gaining billions of dollars through their control of government enterprises and charities and their acceptance of kickbacks for state contracts. The collapse of Indonesia's economy (1997) along with popular discontent with Suharto's rule provoked widespread rioting and forced his resignation in 1998, and subsequently a government corruption investigation was instituted. Suharto was placed under house arrest in 2000 and was charged with corruption, but the charges were later dismissed for health reasons. In 2015, however, his family was ordered to pay back $324 million in embezzled state funds.

Suharto

 

Born June 8, 1921, in Kemusu, near Jogjakarta. Indonesian state figure. General.

Suharto took part in the armed struggle of the Indonesian people against the Dutch colonialists in 1945–49. When the war ended, he held a series of high command and staff posts in the Indonesian Army. Between 1963 and 1965 he was commander of the country’s strategic reserve forces. After the military assumed power in Indonesia in 1965 as a result of the September 30 Movement, Suharto became minister in command of ground forces. In March 1966 he assumed the functions of head of the executive branch. In February 1967 he was appointed acting president, and in March 1968 he became president of Indonesia.

Suharto

T. N. J. born 1921, Indonesian general and statesman; president (1968--98)
References in periodicals archive ?
Later the Humpuss role ended as the Suharto son who owned it was forced to retreat and be replaced by a local partner.
In addition, the SFO has not contacted Rolls Royce, Garuda or Mr Suharto and there is no legal case or investigation, pending or otherwise, in relation to these false allegations.
Suharto s son Hutomo Mandala Putra, popularly known as Tommy, and daughter Siti Hardiyanti Rukmana, alias Tutut, have thrown their hats into the ring as rivals to head the once-dominant Golkar Party.
A spokesman said President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono would lead today's funeral at the family grave near Solo, Central Java, where Suharto will be buried next to his wife of 48 years, Siti Suhartinah.
Government prosecutors demanded about $440 million in compensation for the funds misused by Suharto and the foundation.
Suharto, who led a regime widely regarded as one of the 20th century's most brutal and corrupt, has lived a reclusive life in a villa in central Jakarta for the past decade.
Suharto was widely accused of encouraging the slaughter of 500,000 of his communist opponents as he rose to power in the mid-60s.
A week of mourning was declared for Suharto who had multiple organ failure.
Suharto, who suffers from heart disease and unstable blood pressure, had three strokes in 1999.
After the collapse of the rupiah, Suharto bowed to pressure to step down from power.
But the papers, including the Jakarta Post and Kompas, also quoted the Office of the Coordinating Minister for Economy as saying it will ask the Attorney General's Office to let the foundation -- known as Damandiri -- continue fund contributions despite charges that Suharto used the foundation to amass funds illegally.