Suharto


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Suharto

or

Soeharto

(both: so͞ohär`tō), 1921–2008, president of Indonesia (1967–98). A veteran of the war for independence (1945–49) against the Dutch, he became army chief of staff in 1965. He opposed the pro-Chinese policies of President SukarnoSukarno
, 1901–70, Indonesian statesman, first president of Indonesia. A leader of the radical nationalist movement founded in 1927, he was jailed and exiled by the Dutch at various times in the 1930s.
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 and, while still relatively unknown, crushed a coup in 1965, which was blamed on the Communists, and then moved to replace Sukarno. Suharto assumed key civilian cabinet offices in 1966, became acting president in 1967, and assumed the office of supreme commander of the army and was elected president in 1968. With political parties severely limited, he was reelected every five years from 1973 to 1998. Under Suharto, Western investment was encouraged and Indonesia gradually recovered from the economic morass into which it had fallen, achieving economic growth and political stability. At the same time, however, dissent was suppressed and human rights violated in the name of consensus. Suharto and his family used their power to enrich themselves and their friends, gaining billions of dollars through their control of government enterprises and charities and their acceptance of kickbacks for state contracts. The collapse of Indonesia's economy (1997) along with popular discontent with Suharto's rule provoked widespread rioting and forced his resignation in 1998, and subsequently a government corruption investigation was instituted. Suharto was placed under house arrest in 2000 and was charged with corruption, but the charges were later dismissed for health reasons. In 2015, however, his family was ordered to pay back $324 million in embezzled state funds.

Suharto

 

Born June 8, 1921, in Kemusu, near Jogjakarta. Indonesian state figure. General.

Suharto took part in the armed struggle of the Indonesian people against the Dutch colonialists in 1945–49. When the war ended, he held a series of high command and staff posts in the Indonesian Army. Between 1963 and 1965 he was commander of the country’s strategic reserve forces. After the military assumed power in Indonesia in 1965 as a result of the September 30 Movement, Suharto became minister in command of ground forces. In March 1966 he assumed the functions of head of the executive branch. In February 1967 he was appointed acting president, and in March 1968 he became president of Indonesia.

Suharto

T. N. J. born 1921, Indonesian general and statesman; president (1968--98)
References in periodicals archive ?
Subsequent to the September 28 Jakarta court ruling that former Indonesian dictator Suharto was "medically unfit" to stand trial, the government of President Abdurrahman Wahid is seeking to have the decision overturned.
But the papers, including the Jakarta Post and Kompas, also quoted the Office of the Coordinating Minister for Economy as saying it will ask the Attorney General's Office to let the foundation -- known as Damandiri -- continue fund contributions despite charges that Suharto used the foundation to amass funds illegally.
Indonesia's government on Thursday gingerly pointed the finger at supporters of ousted autocrat Suharto and the wayward military as being behind a massive bomb blast in the capital which killed 15 people.
A wave of student-led protests brought Indonesian President Suharto down in 1998, after 32 years of dictatorial rule.
The subtitle, "The Long Fall of Suharto", is a very apt reflection on how the Suharto regime unravelled over a two-year period.
One surprise in the book is that Suharto wrote a letter to Pramoedya at Buru, and Pramoedya responded in a polite but jousting way.
After the downfall of Suharto in May 1998, the company asked for credits to be extended from 30 to 90 days.
Freeport is one of the biggest foreign taxpayers in Indonesia, and its executives were closer to Suharto than any other non-Indonesian businessmen.
Habibie's reluctance can be traced perhaps to two factors: the fear that investigation of the Suharto family wealth may spark calls for an inquiry into the Habibie family companies; and the intermingling of the business enterprises of the Habibie and Suharto families.
He also denied speculation that Suharto had stashed money in Swiss banks.
Suharto asked forgiveness for ``any mistakes and shortcomings on my part'' in a televised nationwide address.
While the aging Suharto probably would win another term, many question whether his health will allow him to complete a new mandate - and whether he is even the right one to lead Indonesia into the next century.