The account books of Sultanic
waqfs did have a specific format though it might change slightly according to the range of charitable services, methods of operation of revenue sources etc.
Although regarded as "corrupt and degenerate" in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century, the Nuruosmaniye, built in a period when sultanic
complexes were no longer as prevalent and frequent, is considered to be an "innovative and creative" attempt to assimilate foreign styles into the Ottoman vocabulary.
These Central Asian and Persian legacies, according to ynalcyk, played an important role in the development of an Ottoman tradition of absolutism based on sultanic
fiat, which often went beyond what Islamic laws allowed.
These terms comprise: khan, a word of Persian origin and the most prevalent term for both rural and urban inns in Islamic history; funduq, probably from the Greek pandocheion, a term that was on its way out during the medieval period; ribat, originally adopted from the Quran (8:60) to designate fortified barracks for paramilitary volunteers, it seems to have migrated to Iran primarily as a term for rural inns; caravanserai (< karvansara), the Persian composite term, which became the term for Islamic inns in all European languages; and the lesser used wakala, or urban agency house, found mostly in Egypt; manzil, halting or stopping place on the road, especially one associated with the barid, the sultanic
mail; and qala, lit.
In a second paper about Dimetoka, "The Sultanic
Residence and the Capital: Didymoteichon and Adrianople," Elizabeth A.
Ramazani proceeds to explore the meaning of Iran's national interests in terms of four ideal types of interests as guides to foreign policy: Sultanic
, Ideological-Islamic, Pragmatic-Islamic and Democratic-Islamic (p.
In her discussion of the tension and struggles between the sultanic
and other households, for example, the author stresses the character of sultanic
confiscation as a tool of imperial control rather than a fiscal means of garnering revenues.
The shift brought about an enrichment for the city and the Sharifs and stirred the ever-growing sultanic
appetite for financial resources.
Crime and Punishment in Istanbul is a well-crafted, informative narrative of the full range of violence on the Istanbul streets and includes much speculation about how an Ottoman subject might have negotiated a complex legal environment that included Islamic, Christian, and Jewish courts in addition to sultanic
law, or kanun.
decree 6/97 limits service for any one individual to a maximum of six years unless that individual is a government official.
These artisans apparently practiced their craft in Tankiz's successive projects in the Levant, lending them a degree of architectural unity, then moved to Cairo where they worked on sultanic
The author includes fascinating discussion of a complex array of political practices, including the dynamics of succession and fratricide, accession rituals, appointment procedures and political patronage, and relations between the sovereign and his public, as analyzed in the intricate politics of gift exchange, which facilitated the subordination and incorporation of subjects to sultanic