Sun Tzu

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Sun Tzu

(so͞on dzo͞o), fl. c.500–320. B.C., name used by the unknown Chinese authors of the sophisticated treatise on philosophy, logistics, espionageespionage
, the act of obtaining information clandestinely. The term applies particularly to the act of collecting military, industrial, and political data about one nation for the benefit of another.
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, and strategy and tacticsstrategy and tactics,
in warfare, related terms referring, respectively, to large-scale and small-scale planning to achieve military success. Strategy may be defined as the general scheme of the conduct of a war, tactics as the planning of means to achieve strategic objectives.
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 known as The Art of War. It includes many commentaries by later Chinese philosophers. The core text was probably written by one person during a time of expanding feudal conflicts, but the exact century is uncertain. Most authorities now support a date early in the Warring States period (c.453–221 B.C.). This work has deeply influenced Chinese, Vietnamese, and Japanese military thinking and has enjoyed growing popularity among businessmen. It stresses the unpredictability of battle, the importance of deception and surprise, the close relationship between politics and military policy, and the high costs of war. The futility of seeking hard and fast rules and the subtle paradoxes of success are major themes. The best battle, Sun Tzu says, is the battle that is won without being fought. See guerrilla warfareguerrilla warfare
[Span.,=little war], fighting by groups of irregular troops (guerrillas) within areas occupied by the enemy. When guerrillas obey the laws of conventional warfare they are entitled, if captured, to be treated as ordinary prisoners of war; however, they are
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.

Bibliography

See The Art of War (tr. by S. B. Griffith, 1971).

References in periodicals archive ?
Highly revered by the Chinese, many of them refuse to acknowledge that many of his quotes are plagiarized ones from the works of the great Chinese philosophers; Confucius and Sun Tsu (more the latter's than the formers).
Generals need the capacity to win--without interference from their sovereign, Sun Tsu wrote.
IN the ancient Asian handbook The Art of War, military strategist and philosopher Sun Tsu teaches that a successful warrior must "Destroy the enemy from within.
If we had a dollar for every time some feature film or TV movie superficially used the Asian general's ancient handbook ``The Art of War,'' we could make our own movie and do Sun Tsu right.
The Art of War" is an ancient handbook by Sun Tsu, an Asian general who believed wars can be won without ever having to actually fight.
xi), that "the intelligence equivalents of Sun Tsu or Clausewitz have yet to appear.
Although people quote Sun Tsu to the point of annoyance, that's not his fault.
His extract of my quotation from Sun Tsu, for comparison with Clausewitz, is incomplete.
What they've done now," he said, "is to replace Sun Tsu with a computer.