Sun Tzu

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Sun Tzu

(so͞on dzo͞o), fl. c.500–320. B.C., name used by the unknown Chinese authors of the sophisticated treatise on philosophy, logistics, espionageespionage
, the act of obtaining information clandestinely. The term applies particularly to the act of collecting military, industrial, and political data about one nation for the benefit of another.
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, and strategy and tacticsstrategy and tactics,
in warfare, related terms referring, respectively, to large-scale and small-scale planning to achieve military success. Strategy may be defined as the general scheme of the conduct of a war, tactics as the planning of means to achieve strategic objectives.
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 known as The Art of War. It includes many commentaries by later Chinese philosophers. The core text was probably written by one person during a time of expanding feudal conflicts, but the exact century is uncertain. Most authorities now support a date early in the Warring States period (c.453–221 B.C.). This work has deeply influenced Chinese, Vietnamese, and Japanese military thinking and has enjoyed growing popularity among businessmen. It stresses the unpredictability of battle, the importance of deception and surprise, the close relationship between politics and military policy, and the high costs of war. The futility of seeking hard and fast rules and the subtle paradoxes of success are major themes. The best battle, Sun Tzu says, is the battle that is won without being fought. See guerrilla warfareguerrilla warfare
[Span.,=little war], fighting by groups of irregular troops (guerrillas) within areas occupied by the enemy. When guerrillas obey the laws of conventional warfare they are entitled, if captured, to be treated as ordinary prisoners of war; however, they are
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.

Bibliography

See The Art of War (tr. by S. B. Griffith, 1971).

References in periodicals archive ?
Since Sun Tze did not mention the sequences of formulating strategy, the inside chain is adopted from the Western strategy formulation framework instead.
According to Sun Tze, concentration of effort to attack the weaknesses of competitors is often the most effective strategy.
However, throughout the treaty, Sun Tze highlighted the advantages of having the greatest possible manpower, since it can represent strength and a greater chance of winning.
Sun Tze (Chapter I) listed some tactics for use in war which could be applied into business, they are as follows:
Human resources, including having better training for employees and recruiting quality management to improve the human aspect of the organization, because Sun Tze emphasized throughout the treaty that a capable general is the fundamental element of winning the battle.
According to Sun Tze, capable leaders and flexibility are the two basic requirements for implementing strategy.
In his chapter V, Sun Tze used water to describe the flexibility of implementing strategies