Sun Tzu


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Sun Tzu

(so͞on dzo͞o), fl. c.500–320. B.C., name used by the unknown Chinese authors of the sophisticated treatise on philosophy, logistics, espionageespionage
, the act of obtaining information clandestinely. The term applies particularly to the act of collecting military, industrial, and political data about one nation for the benefit of another.
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, and strategy and tacticsstrategy and tactics,
in warfare, related terms referring, respectively, to large-scale and small-scale planning to achieve military success. Strategy may be defined as the general scheme of the conduct of a war, tactics as the planning of means to achieve strategic objectives.
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 known as The Art of War. It includes many commentaries by later Chinese philosophers. The core text was probably written by one person during a time of expanding feudal conflicts, but the exact century is uncertain. Most authorities now support a date early in the Warring States period (c.453–221 B.C.). This work has deeply influenced Chinese, Vietnamese, and Japanese military thinking and has enjoyed growing popularity among businessmen. It stresses the unpredictability of battle, the importance of deception and surprise, the close relationship between politics and military policy, and the high costs of war. The futility of seeking hard and fast rules and the subtle paradoxes of success are major themes. The best battle, Sun Tzu says, is the battle that is won without being fought. See guerrilla warfareguerrilla warfare
[Span.,=little war], fighting by groups of irregular troops (guerrillas) within areas occupied by the enemy. When guerrillas obey the laws of conventional warfare they are entitled, if captured, to be treated as ordinary prisoners of war; however, they are
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.

Bibliography

See The Art of War (tr. by S. B. Griffith, 1971).

References in periodicals archive ?
Sun Tzu believed that with the right mindset and strategies, a smaller challenger (perhaps a startup company) could triumph over a bigger, less nimble force (an established corporation).
Europe first discovered Sun Tzu during the late 18th century.
The Kejriwal diaries may or may not have a passing resemblance to the Sun Tzu battle plans, but his emergence is a rude wake up call for well- entrenched politicians who believe that the vote is malleable and ductile.
Barely 40 pages long in English translation, it is written aphoristically, consisting of 13 short chapters in which Sun Tzu offers maxims about how to prevail in war, preferably without fighting.
Sun Tzu and the Art of Business is a guidebook for business managers looking to increase profitability for the sake of their companies and their employees.
Highly respected and an exceptional authority on history who footnotes all that he writes and describes in detail how Sun Tzu was so forward in his thinking that his theories could win today.
Although many of these are the topics associated with the eras following the Zhou, namely the Spring and Autumn and Warring States periods ([TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII]), the political and military traditions of the earlier times had considerable impact on the classical Chinese political and military thinkers such as Confucius, Lao Tzu, Sun Tzu, and many others.
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Aintree specialist Always Waining, winner of the Topham Chase in April, is one of three entries from Peter Bowen's stable with Ballyvesey and Sun Tzu the others.
Many pieces are based on military history and strategists - with one piece based on the teachings on Sun Tzu, the legendary Chinese general, which were linked to modern-day conflicts in Afghanistan and Iraq.
The Chinese philosopher Sun Tzu once said, "All men can see these tactics whereby I conquer, but what none can see is the strategy out of which victory is evolved.
I'll see his LBJ and raise him a Sun Tzu from the Art of War - keep your friends close but your enemies closer.