Sunda Islands


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Sunda Islands

(sŭn`də), mainly in Indonesia, between the South China Sea and the Indian Ocean, comprising the western part of the Malay ArchipelagoMalay Archipelago,
great island group of SE Asia, formerly called the East Indies. Lying between the Asian mainland and Australia, and separating the Pacific Ocean from the Indian Ocean, it includes Brunei, Indonesia, the Philippines, Papua New Guinea, East Timor, and E Malaysia.
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. It includes two main groups: the Greater Sunda Islands, to which belong the largest islands of Borneo, Sumatra, Java, and Sulawesi; and the Lesser Sundas, which lie E of Java and include Sumbawa, Flores, Timor, and Sumba (the largest islands). Bali and Lombok, although smaller, are the most important of the Lesser Sundas. The Lesser Sundas, which were renamed Nusa Tenggara [southeastern islands] in 1954, form two provinces within Indonesia. Malaysia, Brunei, and East Timor are the other nations wholly or partially in the Sunda Islands. The Sunda Strait, 20 to 65 mi (32–100 km) wide, between Java and Sumatra, connects the Java Sea with the Indian Ocean.

Sunda Islands

 

a group of islands, the principal part of the Malay (Indonesian) Archipelago. They are divided into the Greater Sunda Islands and the Lesser Sunda Islands. Total area, approximately 1.4 million sq km. Except for the northern part of the island of Kalimantan, most of which is part of Malaysia, and the eastern part of the island of Timor, which is a possession of Portugal, the Sunda Islands are part of Indonesia.

References in periodicals archive ?
Some scholars have identified it with Sumbawa or one of the other Lesser Sunda Islands but it is more likely to be Madura: note Afonse's orientation of the Madura channel, NW to SE, which is correct.
Main conclusions: Although low sea levels during the Pleistocene in all probability facilitated the dispersal of freshwater crabs among the Greater Sunda islands (excluding Sulawesi, which is not part of the Sunda Shelf), there is no complete Pleistocene geographical admixture of species, and pre-Pleistocene biogeographical patterns were retained.
A little island stands out: it sits in the centre of a necklace of islands, called the lesser Sunda Islands, that stretches all the way from Malaysia to New Guinea.
local time in the area of Sumbawa, which is one of the Lesser Sunda Islands situated east of Bali and Lombok.
Located among the Sunda Islands in the west of the Pacific Ocean, which is the world's third largest island?
Although a southern route through the Lesser Sunda islands (including Flores and Timor) has usually been proposed as the most parsimonious for maritime passage to Sahul (the ancient continent that encompassed Australia and New Guinea) (Birdsell 1977; Butlin 1993:15, 44-51), the lack of early dated evidence on any of the stepping stone islands of this group has led some authors to propose alternative routes (albeit equally lacking in evidence for early colonisation).