Suojeluskunta

Suojeluskunta

 

(Swedish, Skyddskår), a paramilitary organization of the Finnish bourgeoisie and Finnish kulaks.

Founded in 1921, the Suojeluskunta was formed from volunteer detachments of White Guards that had helped suppress the Finnish Revolution of 1918. A law enacted on Dec. 22, 1927, named the president of the republic the commander of the Suojeluskunta and made the organization an auxiliary unit of the national defense system. In 1939, the membership of the organization numbered more than 100,000. The first children’s detachments of the Suojeluskunta were formed in 1929.

Formally incorporated into the armed forces in 1940, the Suojeluskunta took part in fighting against Soviet troops during World War II. It was disbanded on Nov. 3, 1944, in accordance with the terms of the Soviet-Finnish armistice.

References in periodicals archive ?
At the age of 17, he joined the Suojeluskunta (Finnish Civil Guard), where he rose to the rank of corporal.
While a regular army was established, the Home Guard, now known as the Suojeluskunta, remained in existence.
Originally, both the army and Suojeluskunta were issued former Russian obr.
In the early 1920s, the Suojeluskunta rebuilt many of their rifles with heavy-weight barrels bought from SIG and several German companies, improved triggers, and sights regulated in meters.
During the war years, the army and Suojeluskunta adopted a common rifle, the Sotilaskivaari M/39, which many consider the epitome of the Mosin-Nagant series.
Simo's Suojeluskunta unit was called to active duty as the 6th Company of the Jalkavaki Rykmentti 34 (34th Infantry Regiment) and was stationed on the Kollaa River front.
Caption: Simo Haya, sitting second from the right, with his squad of Suojeluskunta guardsmen.
Tradice dobrovolneho zapojeni obcanu do obranne-vojenskych nevladnich, obcanskych struktur zacina u nejstarsi organizace Suojeluskunta, svedsky Skydskar neboli "ochranny sbor", "obcanska garda".