Surat


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Surat

(so͝o`rət, so͝orăt`), city (1991 pop. 1,518,950), Gujarat state, W central India, on the Gulf of Khambat. British and Dutch trading posts were established there in the early 17th cent. Surat became one of India's most populous cities and busiest ports during the 17th cent.; but in 1664 it was sacked by the MarathasMarathas
or Mahrattas
, Marathi-speaking people of W central India, known for their ability as warriors and their devotion to Hinduism. From their homeland in Maharashtra their chieftains rose to power in the 17th cent.
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 and declined in importance. The city is a district administrative center, a small port, and a railroad junction, but is most important as the world's largest diamond cutting and polishing center. Traditional cottage industries have been revived, and the city produces noted silks, brocades, and gold and silver goods. There are textile mills, cotton gins, and engineering works. Surat is also the educational and cultural center of S Gujarat.

Surat

 

a city in India, in the state of Gujarat; situated on the Arabian Sea, near the mouth of the Tapti River. Population, 471,800 (1971). Surat is a port, railroad junction, and trade center. Various handicrafts are produced in the city, including brocades, gold and silver embroidered lace, and wood carvings. Industries include textile manufacturing, food processing, and the production of paper. The first English trading factory in India was established in Surat in 1613.

Surat

a port in W India, in W Gujarat: a major port in the 17th century; textile manufacturing. Pop.: 2 433 787 (2001)
References in periodicals archive ?
A Surat- to- Delhi SpiceJet aircraft, SG- 622, carrying around 140 passengers excluding crew members on Thursday hit a buffalo during take- off roll at Surat airport," airline's spokesperson Siddharth Kumar said.
The very next day, another bomb exploded at the Surat Railway station, injuring 38 people.
Surat Diamond Jewellery designs its products with the customer in mind.
Release date- 22102012 - The Company's Surat Basin projects cover an area of approximately 4,000 km-2.
An 11-member delegation of the Dubai Chamber of Commerce and Industry (DCCI), including its chairman Abdul Rahman Saif Al Ghurair, and top business leaders visited Surat, India's eighth largest city and the world's largest producer of polished diamonds, between April 17 and 20.
Andreas Schaaf, President, BMW India said, 'Being one of the most prominent and progressive business centres, Surat is an important milestone in the expansion of BMW dealer network in India.
BOT revenue growth was driven by new concessions of Bharuch- Surat and revenue traction at Thane Bhiwandi, NKT, Surat-Dahisar & Pune Nashik projects.
CHEF Surat Miah didn't have to curry favour with judges in a national competition -- he let his food do all the talking.
Torrential rains had flooded the city of Surat on the bank of the river Tapti, and mystery pneumonia gripped the population, killing them quickly with respiratory failure.
Surat is a city on the river Tapi in Gujarat, near Ahmedabad, the capital of Indian modern architecture, where both Kahn and Corbusier built and distinguished contemporary architects like Doshi carry on the tradition.