Also found in: Dictionary, Wikipedia.
Surat(so͝o`rət, so͝orăt`), city (1991 pop. 1,518,950), Gujarat state, W central India, on the Gulf of Khambat. British and Dutch trading posts were established there in the early 17th cent. Surat became one of India's most populous cities and busiest ports during the 17th cent.; but in 1664 it was sacked by the MarathasMarathas
, Marathi-speaking people of W central India, known for their ability as warriors and their devotion to Hinduism. From their homeland in Maharashtra their chieftains rose to power in the 17th cent.
..... Click the link for more information. and declined in importance. The city is a district administrative center, a small port, and a railroad junction, but is most important as the world's largest diamond cutting and polishing center. Traditional cottage industries have been revived, and the city produces noted silks, brocades, and gold and silver goods. There are textile mills, cotton gins, and engineering works. Surat is also the educational and cultural center of S Gujarat.
a city in India, in the state of Gujarat; situated on the Arabian Sea, near the mouth of the Tapti River. Population, 471,800 (1971). Surat is a port, railroad junction, and trade center. Various handicrafts are produced in the city, including brocades, gold and silver embroidered lace, and wood carvings. Industries include textile manufacturing, food processing, and the production of paper. The first English trading factory in India was established in Surat in 1613.