surcharge

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surcharge

1. a charge in addition to the usual payment, tax, etc.
2. an excessive sum charged, esp when unlawful
3. Law the act or an instance of surcharging
4. an overprint that alters the face value of a postage stamp

surcharge

[′sər‚chärj]
(civil engineering)
The load supported above the level of the top of a retaining wall.

surcharge

The vertical load applied at the ground surface or above the level of the bottom of a footing.