Shantou

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Shantou

(shän-tō) or

Swatow

(swä`tou`), city (1994 est. pop. 718,800), SE Guangdong prov., China, a port on the South China Sea, in the Han River delta. When it was opened to foreign trade after the second Opium WarOpium Wars,
1839–42 and 1856–60, two wars between China and Western countries. The first was between Great Britain and China. Early in the 19th cent., British merchants began smuggling opium into China in order to balance their purchases of tea for export to Britain.
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, it was a minor fishing village. It became a special economic zone in 1979, which brought new foreign investment and trade to the city. The city has a mix of light and heavy industries, which includes shipbuilding and food processing. Fishing is also important.

Shantou

, Shantow
a port in SE China, in E Guangdong near the mouth of the Han River: became a treaty port in 1869. Pop.: 1 356 000 (2005 est.)