syndicalism

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syndicalism

(sĭn`dĭkəlĭzəm), political and economic doctrine that advocates control of the means and processes of production by organized bodies of workers. Like anarchists, syndicalists believe that any form of state is an instrument of oppression and that the state should be abolished. Viewing the trade union as the essential unit of production, they believe that it should be the basic organizational unit of society. To achieve their aims, syndicalists advocate direct industrial action, e.g., the general strikegeneral strike,
sympathetic cessation of work by a majority of the workers in all industries of a locality or nation. Such a stoppage is economic if it is for the purpose of redressing some grievance or pressing upon the employer a series of economic demands.
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, sabotagesabotage
[Fr., sabot=wooden shoe; hence, to work clumsily], form of direct action by workers against employers through obstruction of work and/or lowering of plant efficiency. Methods range from peaceful slowing of production to destruction of property.
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, slowdowns, and other means of disrupting the existing system of production. They eschew political action as both corruptive and self-defeating. The writings of Pierre Joseph ProudhonProudhon, Pierre Joseph
, 1809–65, French social theorist. Of a poor family, Proudhon won an education through scholarships. Much of his later life was spent in poverty. He achieved prominence through his pamphlet What Is Property? (1840, tr.
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, with his attacks on property, and of Georges SorelSorel, Georges
, 1847–1922, French social philosopher. An engineer before he devoted himself to writing, Sorel found in the political and social life of bourgeois democracy the triumph of mediocrity and espoused various forms of socialism, chiefly revolutionary syndicalism.
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, who espoused violence, have influenced syndicalist doctrine. Syndicalism, like anarchismanarchism
[Gr.,=having no government], theory that equality and justice are to be sought through the abolition of the state and the substitution of free agreements between individuals.
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, has flourished largely in Latin countries, especially in France, where trade unionism was for years strongly influenced by syndicalist programs. Syndicalism began a steady decline after World War I as a result of competition from Communist unions, government suppression, and internal splits between the revolutionary anarcho-syndicalists and moderate reformers. In the United States the chief organization of the syndicalist type was the Industrial Workers of the WorldIndustrial Workers of the World
(IWW), revolutionary industrial union organized in Chicago in 1905 by delegates from the Western Federation of Mines, which formed the nucleus of the IWW, and 42 other labor organizations.
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, which flourished early in the 20th cent. but was virtually extinguished after World War I.

Bibliography

See F. F. Ridley, Revolutionary Syndicalism in France (1970).

syndicalism

see ANARCHO-SYNDICALISM.

syndicalism

1. a revolutionary movement and theory advocating the seizure of the means of production and distribution by syndicates of workers through direct action, esp a general strike
2. an economic system resulting from such action
References in periodicals archive ?
Febvre L, 2012, "Quatre leqons sur le syndicalisme franjais (aout-septembre 1919 et ete 1920)" Le Mouvement Social 238 17-51
La particularite des relations d'exploitation dans lesquelles sont pris les travailleurs journaliers des ghettos va favoriser l'emergence d'un nouveau repertoire d'action propose par les soutiens exterieurs : le syndicalisme de combat.
Joel-Marie Fauquet, << Les debuts du syndicalisme musical en France >>, in Hugues Dufourt et Joel-Marie Fauquet (ed.
Lauteur offre un tour d'horizon impressionnant des facteurs qui ont agi sur le syndicalisme canadien et quebecois depuis la fin du [XIX.
L'ouvrage se termine sur une conclusion qui, malgre toute la rudesse des dernieres decennies, sait faire la part des choses : il ne faut pas conclure a la fin du syndicalisme ou des relations professionnelles, mais plutot a diverses mutations qui temoignent, malgre les difficultes, des capacites d'adaptation des acteurs au nouveau contexte.
En depit de cette tradition d'activisme, le syndicalisme axe sur la justice sociale chez les enseignants demeure un concept relativement peu developpe.
Thesis, Universite du Quebec a Montreal, 1977) [unpublished]; Gilles Bourque & Anne Legare, Le Quebec: la question nationale (Paris: Francois Maspero, 1979); Jacques Mascotto & Pierre-Yves Soucy, Sociologie politique de la question nationale (Montreal: Editions cooperatives Albert St-Martin, 1979); Louis Fournier, Louis Laberge: La syndicalisme c'est ma vie (Montreal: Dossiers Documents, 1994); Jacques Rouillard, Le syndicalisme quebecois: deux siecles d' histoire (Montreal: Boreal, 2004); Jean-Marc Piotte, Du combat au partenariat: interventions critiques sur le syndicalisme quebecois (Quebec: Editions Nota bene, 1998); Gilles Bourque & Nicole Laurin-Frenette, "Social Classes and Nationalist Ideologies in Quebec, 1760-1970" in Gary Teeple, ed.
Tout semble des lors joue, alors que les derniers soubresauts d'un syndicalisme crispe sur ses avantages acquis, avecla suicidaire greve des employes municipaux de 1979, precipitent la descente aux enfers.
Formation, relations professionnelles et syndicalisme a l'heure de la societe-monde (Paris: L'Harmattan, Les Presses de l'Universite Laval, 2002), pp.
A partir de 1860, les femmes entrent dans ce domaine d'activite, et le syndicalisme y devient une force pour la main-d'oeuvre fortement alphabetisee des ateliers d'imprimerie.
Le syndicalisme en Europe occidentale a la fin du XIX siecle (Paris, 1997).

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