surveillance

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surveillance

close observation or supervision maintained over a person, group, etc., esp one in custody or under suspicion

surveillance

the monitoring, and the associated direct or indirect forms of supervision and superintendence by the modern STATE, of the activities of its citizens. The capacity for surveillance possessed by modern NATION STATES has increased compared with those available to earlier forms of state, as the result of spectacular improvements in techniques for the collection and storage of INFORMATION and equally striking improvements in means of transport and communications.

For FOUCAULT, in Discipline and Punish (1975), the ‘disciplinary power’ of modern societies is an all-pervasive feature of these societies and a predominant feature of administrative power within them. Remedial and CARCERAL ORGANIZATIONS, which remove human liberty are not more than extreme forms of a generalized tendency to heightened surveillance within these societies.

Foucault's emphasis is disputed by many however. Our heightened awareness of, and concern about, situations in which some individuals are subject to loss of liberty reflects the new importance of a concern for liberty within modern societies and the many areas of life in which liberties have increased. Nonetheless, few dispute that – for good and for ill – surveillance and control are an important characteristic of modern societies and the modern state. Compare ORIENTAL DESPOTISM, ABSOLUTISM. See also SEQUESTRATION, TOTALITARIANISM.

surveillance

[sər′vā·ləns]
(engineering)
Systematic observation of air, surface, or subsurface areas or volumes by visual, electronic, photographic, or other means, for intelligence or other purposes.

surveillance

The systematic observation of airspace, surface or subsurface areas, places, persons, or things, by visual, aural, electronic, photographic, or other means.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Alberta Real Time Syndromic Surveillance Net (ARTSSN) was developed with three goals: 1) improve upon traditional paper-based, fragmented public health surveillance using a centralized automated system; 2) enhance routine public health surveillance through effective use of existing Provincial Electronic Health Record data for earlier detection of cases, clusters, outbreaks and trends of communicable disease, injury, and environmental hazard exposure; and 3) track the effectiveness of public health interventions.
Syndromic surveillance using minimum transfer of identifiable data: the example of the National Bioterrorism Syndromic Surveillance Demonstration Program.
respiratory upper, GI) after review of classifications used by existing syndromic surveillance systems including the Rapid Outbreak Detection System, Electronic Surveillance System for the Early Notification of Community-based Epidemics (ESSENCE) and NHS Direct.
Syndromic surveillance systems have demonstrated their capacity to strengthen linkage between clinical services and public health authorities (29).
BioSense is a timely, national-level electronic health surveillance system that receives and processes healthcare encounter data to conduct syndromic surveillance and is maintained by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
This conclusion is further supported by syndromic surveillance data from Ohio, which did not show an increase in the proportion of gastrointestinal illness among emergency department patients compared with proportions in previous seasons.
Crossflo's Healthcare Subject Matter Expert, noted "We are not aware of any other team who can so rapidly enable the flow of data between the variety of healthcare and public safety first responder data sources in compliance with numerous data sharing standards as we have done in Montana with the HIE for Syndromic Surveillance.
Entitled The Montana Health Information Exchange Pilot Project, this effort linked four disparate Montana hospitals' Emergency Departments (ED) with the Montana Department of Public Health and Human Services (MT DPHHS) to share syndromic surveillance data.
The company provides ASP-based ambulance diversion, patient tracking, mass casualty incident support, syndromic surveillance, hospital bed tracking, volunteer registry and public health alerting solutions.
Using public school absentee data to enhance syndromic surveillance in Miami-Dade County, 2007.
New Advanced Analytics and Collaborative Workflow Tools Will Help Public Health Move Beyond Traditional Syndromic Surveillance to Build "True Community Health Surveillance Programs"
Information Builders was recognized as Complementary Software Partner of the Year for enabling SPSS to bring innovative analytic offerings to market in areas like syndromic surveillance, student retention and law enforcement analysis.