surveillance

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surveillance

close observation or supervision maintained over a person, group, etc., esp one in custody or under suspicion

surveillance

the monitoring, and the associated direct or indirect forms of supervision and superintendence by the modern STATE, of the activities of its citizens. The capacity for surveillance possessed by modern NATION STATES has increased compared with those available to earlier forms of state, as the result of spectacular improvements in techniques for the collection and storage of INFORMATION and equally striking improvements in means of transport and communications.

For FOUCAULT, in Discipline and Punish (1975), the ‘disciplinary power’ of modern societies is an all-pervasive feature of these societies and a predominant feature of administrative power within them. Remedial and CARCERAL ORGANIZATIONS, which remove human liberty are not more than extreme forms of a generalized tendency to heightened surveillance within these societies.

Foucault's emphasis is disputed by many however. Our heightened awareness of, and concern about, situations in which some individuals are subject to loss of liberty reflects the new importance of a concern for liberty within modern societies and the many areas of life in which liberties have increased. Nonetheless, few dispute that – for good and for ill – surveillance and control are an important characteristic of modern societies and the modern state. Compare ORIENTAL DESPOTISM, ABSOLUTISM. See also SEQUESTRATION, TOTALITARIANISM.

surveillance

[sər′vā·ləns]
(engineering)
Systematic observation of air, surface, or subsurface areas or volumes by visual, electronic, photographic, or other means, for intelligence or other purposes.

surveillance

The systematic observation of airspace, surface or subsurface areas, places, persons, or things, by visual, aural, electronic, photographic, or other means.
References in periodicals archive ?
First, coverage of NYC EDs for syndromic surveillance is comprehensive (50 of 55 EDs), whereas the proportion of all NYC ambulatory clinics in this analysis is small.
The syndromic surveillance system used for this gathering could be improved by implementation of an electronic medical record system, which would allow for immediate and real-time disease reporting and would eliminate the need for additional staff time to complete forms.
Future research will examine the information gathered from this new project, and we expect that better disease reporting compliance will result from this innovative use of syndromic surveillance.
In September 2004, the Queen's University Emergency Syndromic Surveillance Teama created a real-time emergency department surveillance system (EDSS) to monitor respiratory and gastrointestinal CCs temporally and spatially.
Sint Maarten's well-established syndromic surveillance system, which includes seven sentinel sites countrywide, reports data to the VSA's Department of Collective Prevention Services.
A retrospective evaluation of syndromic surveillance for emerging infectious disease.
NANM also assists the State DOH with potential public health threats through Syndromic Surveillance software, and improves access to health information for the public during times of health emergencies in the state.
This information and data from the syndromic surveillance were used in estimating the magnitude of underreporting of confirmed cases of these pathogens to the national surveillance system.
Syndromic surveillance systems rely on the use of prediagnostic data, such as from emergency department (ED) chief complaints, school absenteeism or pharmacy sales, to facilitate earlier detection of disease outbreaks compared with traditional diagnostic data such as from laboratories.
One of his major accomplishments was establishing one of the first electronic emergency department syndromic surveillance systems in the country.
It's called syndromic surveillance, and it's kind of a speciality of the UK," McCloskey told Reuters in an interview.
This stage will allow for the meaningful exchange of public health data with state data systems for syndromic surveillance, electronic laboratory reporting and immunization encounter reporting.