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The study of environmental relations of groups of organisms, such as communities.



a branch of ecology concerned with biocenoses, that is, communities of many species of animals, plants, and microorganisms. The term “synecology” was proposed by the Swiss botanist C. Schröter in 1902 and adopted by the Brussels International Botanical Congress in 1910 to designate the body of knowledge relating to plant communities, or phytocenoses. Thus, synecology originally was a synonym for phytocenology. Most phytocenologists eventually regarded synecology simply as the part of phytocenology embracing the ecological study of phytocenoses.

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In their respective masterpieces, Walden (1854) and Man and Nature (1864), the idea of synecology had been sensed, if not yet named, and both writers, the one in Massachusetts, the other from Vermont, had been influenced by German philosophy through East Coast Transcendentalism.
This is of very great importance for the science of the organisation of plant associations, or synecology.
2012--Submediterranean dry grasslands along the Tyrrhenian sector of central Italy: synecology, syndynamics and syntaxonomy--Plant Biosyst.
Selected life history and synecology characteristics of Ashe juniper on the Edwards Plateau of Texas.
Chapter titles are: "Rangeland Conservation," "Defoliation," "Physiological Effects of Defoliation," "Palatability, Preference, and Selective Defoliation," "Physical Effects of Grazing Animals," "Energy Flow and Nutrient Cycling," "Redistribution of Minerals by Plants and Animals," "Distribution of Plants by Animals," "Fire as an Environmental Factor," and "Rangeland Synecology.
Hereafter, they are described according to their synecology, structure, syndynamic and synchorology.
Synecology and structure: woodland with evergreen sclerophylous species dominated by Quercus ilex, with a good covering of Erica arborea.
Synecology and structure: macchia with Pistacia lentiscus, Myrtus communis, Phillyrea angustifolia, Lonicera implexa and Phillyrea latifolia; it is not very frequent and prefers the hinterland southern slopes.
Synecology and structure: this low macchia ranges more widely in the island, where it occupied a large part of the abandoned terracings (man was an advantage for it, as he used the Genista as windbreak).