Thíra

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Thíra

or

Thera

(both: thēr`ə), volcanic island (1991 pop. 9,360), c.30 sq mi (80 sq km), SE Greece, in the Aegean Sea. One of the Cyclades, Thíra is also known as Santorini, for St. Irene, the protector of the island. It is a tourism center noted for its wine. Pumice stone and powdered tufa are exported. It was the site of an enormous ancient volcanic explosion rivaling that of TamboraTambora
, active volcano, N Sumbawa, Nusa Tenggara Barat prov., Indonesia, rising to 9,255 ft (2,821 m). The volcano's 1815 eruption was one of the most destructive in historical times, killing an estimated 50,000–90,000 people, destroying the kingdoms of Tambora and
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 (and dwarfing that of KrakatoaKrakatoa
or Krakatau
, volcanic island, c.5 sq mi (13 sq km), W Indonesia, in Sunda Strait between Java and Sumatra; rising to 2,667 ft (813 m). A momentous volcanic explosion on Aug.
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).

According to tradition, the island was first settled by Phoenicians and later by Laconians under the leader Thera. In the Bronze Age, Thera came under the influence of Crete (see Minoan civilizationMinoan civilization
, ancient Cretan culture representing a stage in the development of the Aegean civilization. It was named for the legendary King Minos of Crete by Sir Arthur Evans, the English archaeologist who conducted excavations there in the early 20th cent.
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), but a devastating volcanic eruption (c.1645 B.C.) buried the island's settlements and threw massive amounts of dust into the earth's atmosphere, affecting the weather worldwide. The island was resettled and later occupied (9th cent. B.C.) by the DoriansDorians,
people of ancient Greece. Their name was mythologically derived from Dorus, son of Hellen. Originating in the northwestern mountainous region of Epirus and SW Macedonia, they migrated through central Greece and into the Peloponnesus probably between 1100 and 950 B.C.
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. In 631 B.C. colonists from the island founded CyreneCyrene
, ancient city near the northern coast of Africa, in Cyrenaica (now E Libya). It was a Greek colony founded (c.630 B.C.) by Aristoteles of Thera, who became king of Cyrene as Battus. For eight generations the monarchs were alternately named Battus and Arcesilas.
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 in N Africa.

Excavations in the E Mediterranean show that ash from the ancient eruption spread over Anatolia and parts of Egypt, and that the tsunami caused by the eruption reached the shores of what is now Israel. It is theorized by some experts that the effects of the eruption were the catalyst for the collapse of Minoan civilization in the subsequent two centuries. Excavations at a Minoan site on Thíra have uncovered many well-preserved frescoes. Some controversial theories have equated ancient Thera with AtlantisAtlantis
, in Greek legend, large island in the western sea (the Atlantic Ocean). Plato, in his dialogues the Timaeus and the Critias, tells of the high civilization that flourished there before the island was destroyed by an earthquake.
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.

Thira

 

(or Thera; also Santorin), a group of volcanic islands in the Aegean Sea, in the Cyclades archipelago, part of Greece. Their area is about 80 sq km. The largest island of the group is Thira (74 sq km), the remains of a submerged volcano. The island of Kaimeni has an active volcano, which erupted in the 19th century. The islands are composed of lavas, tuffs, and slags. Pumice is quarried on the islands, and there are also vineyards. The islands’ main port is Thira.

References in periodicals archive ?
He had written on his blog that Thira is his most ambitious project till date.
Thira sent a letter to Indian Affairs Minister Jim Prentice on May 30, asking for clarification.
i duli duhi pita dharana na jai (2:77) 'having milked' sahaje thira kari varuni sandhe (3:82) 'having done/made' je ajaramara hoi didha kandhe (3:82) 'having become' sadguru bohe bujhi re kasu kahini (23: 172) 'having understood' uju re uju chari ma lehu re bangka (32:) 'having abandoned -ia lui bhanai guru pucchia jana (1:67) 'having asked' raga desa moha laia chara (11:119) 'having smeared (the ashes of .
The group consisted of Chief Robert Joseph and Sharon Thira of British Columbia's First Nations Summit residential school unit; Mike Cachagee and Shirley Horn of the Shingwauk survivors group based in Sault Ste.
Indian trade negotiator Thira Maram told reporters after the meeting that India wants 93 outstanding issues resolved in its favour.
On Thira (Santorini) in the Cyclades, the sulphurous emissions from the great eruption of 1886 had an unexpected positive side effect, killing the powdery mildew that had until then caused great damage to the vines.
2pc), followed by Gajaria Karishma (95pc) in second and Janet Joyi Thudyan (95pc), thira Vazhavilayil Sreenivasan (95pc) and Merin Mary Basil (95pc) in joint third.
Santorini - named after Saint Irene of Salonica, who died there in 304AD - is now officially known by its classical name, Thira, which is confused even further by some maps and guide books naming it Fira.
Among the ports of call will be Valletta (Malta), Istanbul (Turkey), Izmir (Turkey), Piraeus (Greece), Thira (Santorini), Catania (Sicily), Almeria (Spain) and Gibraltar.
Departing from Corfu Town on June 12, the ship visits Crete, Kusadasi, Thira, Piraeus (for Athens) and Katakolon then finishes in Corfu Town.