The weaker effects of market forces on the gender wage gap in the rural sector relative to the urban sector is not surprising; given that rural TVEs
provided fewer protections for women than did urban public enterprises in the early years of reforms, the market "correction" effects are expected to be smaller in the former than in the latter.
11 Manufacturing employment, urban units plus TVES
Total Total Year (yearend) (average) 1978 (1) (1) 1980 (1) (1) 1985 (1) (1) 1986 (1) (1) 1987 (1) (1) 1988 (1) (1) 1989 (1) (1) 1990 105.
Sin embargo, mas alla de TVES
y el escandalo que sigue suscitando entre los empresarios de derecha de la region, el gobierno venezolano esta desarrollando una politica publica para equilibrar el espectro radio-televisivo.
Even if TVEs
wanted to learn, their managers' learning ability was significantly constrained by the lack of previous industry experience.
political structure of China and how the success of TVEs
emerged as a
A second contribution is the development of a future cross-disciplinary research framework for TVE
by synthesising and highlighting the critical issues at play when conceptualising a broad value ecology.
iii) Ratio of the number of TVEs
per thousand people.
Although the profitability of the TVEs
and their integration into the larger economy through improved transportation meant that these funds could redeployed for investments in agriculture and forestry, this rapid economic growth would further aggravate the supply of ecosystem services up to the late 1990s.
: State-owned, using the signal formerly used by Radio Caracas Television before its concession lapsed and was not renewed by the telecoms regulatory agency.
The problems were mainly sales difficulties and lack of seedling variety due to inadequate communication channels and poor information services, a shortage of risk-warning systems resulting in easy panic among SMEs, TVEs
and price disorders, inadequate technology, lack of professional guidance and need of production standardization, and very little legal protection over the processes of seedling production and sales.
Rural Surplus Labour and Constraints on the Development of TVEs
Peasant workers, especially those mid-aged workers who worked in TVEs
, often find themselves lacking adequate skills to find new jobs in the industrial sector that now demand less unskilled workers.