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Related to Tabanidae: Asilidae, Hippoboscidae, Tachinidae


(invertebrate zoology)
The deer and horse flies, a family of orthorrhaphous dipteran insects in the series Brachycera.



(horseflies), a family of bloodsucking insects of the order Diptera. The body is 6–30 mm long. The mouthparts are fitted for piercing and stinging; the eyes occupy a fairly large part of the head. Of the approximately 3,000 species, about 250 are found in the USSR. Horseflies are particularly abundant in the swampy regions of Siberia. Only females suck blood; their pricks are painful and often draw blood. The males feed on nectar. Horseflies are active during the day in calm hot weather. They attack livestock, causing the animals to tire easily and to lose their productivity.

The cigar-shaped larvae have processes for locomotion on the abdominal segments. They develop in damp soil or in lakes and streams and feed on the larvae of other insects. Pupation occurs in soil; the pupa is obtect.

Species of the genera Tabanus, Chrysozona, and Chrysops are most widely distributed. Many horseflies transmit disease, for example, tularemia and anthrax. Control measures include the establishment of “pools of death,” that is, pools of petroleum, in places where the insects congregate. Repellents are used for individual protection.


Olsuf’ev, N. G. Slepni (Tabanidae). Moscow-Leningrad, 1937. (Fauna SSSR: Nasekomye dvukrylye, vol. 7, issue 2.)
Violovich, N. A. Slepni Sibiri. Novosibirsk, 1968.
Boshko, H. V. Hedzi. Kiev, 1973. (Fauna Ukrainy, vol. 13, no. 4.)


References in periodicals archive ?
The last complete compilation of the Tabanidae of Florida was conducted in 1964 by Calvin Jones and Darrell Anthony (Jones & Anthony 1964).
Most importantly, he erected the new family Athericidae, a family more closely allied to the Tabanidae than the Rhagionidae.
It is encouraged however, that future research, in addition to focusing on the abundance of flies from the Tabanidae, Asilidae, Stratiomyiidae, Syrphidae, and Tachinidae families, also focus on positively identifying Calliphoridae and Sarcophagidae flies at the Kiuic site.
The extraordinary long mouthparts found in members of the dipteran families Tabanidae and Nemestrinidae in South Africa probably evolved through diffuse coevolution with a variety of long-tubed, nectar-producing flowers, as was suggested for orchids and their long-tongued hawkmoth pollinators in Madagascar by Nilsson et al.
A nivel temporal, se presento un aumento del numero de familias registradas entre los dos estudios, ya que aparecen 9 familias o subfamilias nuevas (Tubificinae, Staphylinidae, Glossosomatidae, Hydropsychidae, Hydrobiosidae, Tipulidae, Empididae, Tabanidae y Planariidae).
El trabajo grafico de las diversas especies es selecto y se destaca gracias a la labor de Hannier Pulido, en tanto la bibliografia consultada aunque concisa, carece de citas puntuales en Sphingidae, Tabanidae, Arctidae y Mantidae cosa que la hace algo incompleta.
Esta bacteria es transmitida en Venezuela principalmente, por insectos hematofagos de la familia Tabanidae y por el uso de instrumentos quirurgicos contaminados (transmision iatrogenica) y posiblemente por garrapatas (Boophilus microplus) aunque es discutido el papel de este artropodo en la trasmision de A.
En el area preservada RBP, la familia mas representativa fue Tabanidae.
Diptera were the most-frequent insects eaten by willow flycatchers in southern Nevada and western Arizona" comprising 39% of prey and composed of a variety of families including Tabanidae and Dolichopodidae (Wiesenborn & Heydon 2007).
La familia Tabanidae incluye 4290 especies conocidas en el mundo, de las cuales cerca de un tercio estan presentes en el Neotropico.
Tabanidae (Diptera) da Amazonia, I--Uma nova armadilha suspensa e primeiros registros de copas de arvores.