Tabasaran


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Tabasaran

 

the language of the Tabasarans. It is spoken in Tabasaran and Khiv raions, Dagestan ASSR. There are approximately 44,000 speakers of Tabasaran (1970).

A new written language belonging to the Nakho-Dagestanian group of Caucasian languages, Tabasaran has northern and southern dialects. The phonetic system includes five vowels and 55 consonants, with a four-way system of opposition of obstruents and affricates and a three-way system of opposition of fricatives. There are pharyngealized and labialized consonants and a special group of labialized dental consonants. The morphology of Tabasaran includes the world’s richest case paradigm owing to eight series of locative cases. There are verbal categories of person, class, number, tense, mood, and mode of action, as well as participles and adverbial participles. The typology of the sentence is ergative. Word order follows the pattern subject-object-predicate. The attribute precedes the dependent member.

The vocabulary of Tabasaran contains many borrowings from Azerbaijani; the writing system is based on the Russian alphabet.

REFERENCES

Zhirkov, L. I. Tabasaranskii iazyk. Moscow-Leningrad, 1948.
Magometov, A. A. Tabasaranskii iazyk. Tbilisi, 1965.
Khanmagomedov, B. G. K. Ocherki po sintaksisu tabasaranskogo iazyka. Makhachkala, 1970.

G. A. KLIMOV

References in periodicals archive ?
Basque based on Creissels (2006), Avar on Creissels (2009), Finnish, Hungarian, Tabasaran and Tsez based on Comrie and Polinsky (1998), Lezgian on Haspelmath (1993).
Locations with dedicated local case marking in seven languages Language Locations Basque AT Finnish ON, IN Hungarian AT, ON, IN Avar AT, ON, IN,, INZ, UNDER Lezgian AT, ON, IN, UNDER, BEHIND Tabasaran AT, [ON.
Oktay Tabasaran, Secretary General of 5th World Water Forum.
Oktay Tabasaran, World Water Forum Secretary General.
The forum started with the opening speeches of Turkish President Abdullah Gul, Crown Prince Naruhito of Japan, Morocco's Prime Minister Abbas El Fassi, Turkish Environment and Forestry Minister Veysel Eroglu, Istanbul Mayor Kadir Topbas, Under-Secretary-General of the United Nations Sha Zukang, President of the World Water Council Loic Fauchon and the council's Secretary General Oktay Tabasaran.
The distinction between two localization markers conveying the idea of location in Ground is also found in Lezgian, Rutul, Agul, Tabasaran, and Aqusha Dargwa, which fall into the third type.
Again, like Agul, Lezgian, and Rutul, Tabasaran uses IN forms of nouns denoting substances when the physical structure of a Ground is irrelevant.
The only exception are Agul and Tabasaran (both closely related East Lezgic languages) where this meaning is expressed by the attachment localization (see Section 4).
The only languages where this meaning is expressed by means of a localization marker are Agul and Tabasaran, which both use the INTER form.
Interestingly, in accordance with the general idea of close containment discussed above, Tabasaran uses the INTER localization only if the space between Grounds is very small, so that a Figure hardly fits in it.
Again, it is not the case that Tabasaran is unique in having such a distinction, since similar contrasts were described, for instance, in Dutch and Korean (Lemmens 2002; Choi and Bowerman 1991).
Furthermore, Agul and Tabasaran distinguish it from both location in substance and location in container and use the attachment localization in this meaning.