Tacitus


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Tacitus

(Cornelius Tacitus), c.A.D. 55–c.A.D. 117, Roman historian. Little is known for certain of his life. He was a friend of Pliny the Younger and married the daughter of AgricolaAgricola
(Cneius Julius Agricola) , c.A.D. 40–A.D. 93, Roman general, conqueror of Britain. After a distinguished military and political career (partly in Britain), he was made consul (A.D. 77) and was governor (A.D. 78?–A.D. 85?) of Britain.
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. In A.D. 97 he was appointed substitute consul under Nerva, and later he was proconsul of Asia. The first of his works was the Dialogus [dialogue], a discussion of oratory in the style of Cicero, demonstrating to some degree why Tacitus was celebrated as an eloquent speaker; this work was long disputed, but his authorship is now generally accepted. Tacitus then wrote a biography of Agricola, expressing his admiration for his father-in-law as a good and able man.

His small treatise De origine et situ Germanorum [concerning the origin and location of the Germans], commonly called the Germania or Germany, supplies (along with the earlier account of Julius Caesar) the principal written material on the Germanic tribes. Archaeology bears out the accuracy of Tacitus, but the work is not objective; it is a picture of the simple Germans glorified by comparison with the corruption and luxurious immorality of the Romans.

This moral purpose and severe criticism of contemporary Rome, fallen from the virtuous vigor of the old republic, also underlies his two long works, commonly called in English the Histories (of which four books and part of a fifth survive) and the Annals (of which twelve books—Books I-VI, XI-XVI—survive). The extant books of the Histories cover only the reign of Galba (A.D. 68–69) and the beginning (to A.D. 70) of the reign of Vespasian but give a thorough view of Roman life—persons, places, and events. The surviving books of the Annals tell of the reign of Tiberius, of the last years of Claudius, and of the first years of Nero. The account contains incisive character sketches, ironic passages, and eloquent moral conclusions. The declamatory writing of the Dialogus is replaced in the historical works by a polished and highly individual style, a wide range of vocabulary, and an intricate and startling syntax.

Bibliography

See his complete works (tr. by M. Hadas, 1942); studies by C. W. Mendell (1957, repr. 1970), D. Dudley (1969), R. Syme (1958; 2 vol., 1980), H. W. Benario (1983), and C. B. Krebs (2011).


Tacitus

(Marcus Claudius Tacitus) (tăs`ĭtəs), d. 276, Roman emperor (275–76). An elderly senator with a reputation for honesty and vigor, he was chosen by the senate to succeed the murdered AurelianAurelian
(Lucius Domitius Aurelianus) , c.212–275, Roman emperor (270–75). Rising in the ranks, he became consul under Valerian. He succeeded Claudius II, whose victory over the Goths had begun the territorial rehabilitation of the empire.
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. He failed to restore the glory of the senate, and after reigning only a few months he died when on campaign in Asia. He was almost certainly murdered. ProbusProbus
(Marcus Aurelius Probus) , d. 282, Roman emperor (276–82), b. Pannonia. He was governor of the East under Marcus Claudius Tacitus, whom he succeeded as emperor. He defeated the barbarians in Gaul and in Illyria.
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 succeeded him.

Tacitus

Publius Cornelius . ?55--?120 ad, Roman historian and orator, famous as a prose stylist. His works include the Histories, dealing with the period 68--96, and the Annals, dealing with the period 14--68
References in periodicals archive ?
Since he is so fond of Tacitus, I hope he will not mind if I quote some Tacitus back at him," he said.
As Tacitus is quoted, "It was a glorious victory, comparable with bygone triumphs.
Citing Tacitus' account of the maiestas trials in Books I through IV of the Annals, this article posits that Tiberius was not some power-starved monster for whom maiestas trials satisfied a lust for seeing people suffer, as Tacitus would have us believe.
Mae disgrifiad Tacitus yn un gallwn fod yn falch ohono fel cenedl hyd at heddiw.
Moreover, the stories quoted are not unimpeachable: Tacitus reports merely as a rumour that Vespasian had mortgaged his estates to his brother and that bad relations ensued; mule-trading, a branch of ordinary commerce, was demeaning to one of senatorial status, but hardly damning, and nothing proves that this was a new venture, operated only after AD 63.
Tacitus based his history on sources chronologically much closer to the Crucifixion.
In this context, we miss Castiglione's Book of the Courtier and the work of Melanchthon (the mentor of Languet and his Continental friends): upon Philip, at least, their influence was arguably greater than that of Tacitus.
The Romans believed that the Ancient Britons made good slaves (see Tacitus and Livy--both Roman historians).
In a letter to Tacitus, he would plaintively admit, "Many besought the aid of the gods, but still more imagined that there were no gods left.
But the debt to Tacitus is potentially even more interesting.
Every Roman writer who chronicled the fall of the republic--Appian, Tacitus, Cassius Dio, Sallust, Cicero, and others--marveled at the evaporation of ancient virtue that preceded the loss of liberty.
Supreme Novices Hurdle hopeful Tacitus recorded his second win over timber with a four length win over Ocras Mor.