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(təgä`ləg, tägä`lŏg) or


(tägäl`), dominant people of Luzon, the Philippines, and the second largest ethnolinguistic group in the Philippines. They number about 16 million. Most of the population is Christian. Tagalog, a Malayo-Polynesian language that had a written standard form before the coming of the Spanish, is the legal national language of the Philippines, where it is called Pilipino.



a people in the Philippines. The Tagalog live on central and southern Luzon and on Mindoro, Marinduque, and several smaller islands, inhabiting primarily the coast, river valleys, and lake areas (hence their name, literally meaning “living by the water”). They number more than 8 million (1975, estimate). They speak the Tagalog language and have a rich literature. The literary variant of their language, Filipino, is, along with English, the major language of the Philippines. Most Tagalog are Catholics.

The Tagalog are apparently descended from the bearers of the Iron Age culture, remains of which have been found at Novaliches. The opinion of the Spanish missionary Suñiga, based on linguistic data, that the Tagalog are of American descent is not shared by most researchers. The Tagalog engage in farming, raising rice, tobacco, sisal, and coconut, and in fishing. They are also proficient at wickerwork and weaving.


Narody lugo-Vostochnoi Azii. Moscow, 1966. (Bibliography.)



(since 1959, Filipino language), the language of the Tagalog, one of the major nationalities of the Philippine archipelago. The number of persons speaking Tagalog is approximately 10 million (1975, estimate). Tagolog served as a lingua franca together with Spanish from the 17th to the 19th century and has fulfilled the same function together with English in the 20th century.

One of the Indonesian languages, Tagalog has eight local dialects. It is an agglutinative language with a well-developed system of word formation, including affixation, reduplication, and compounding. There are few inflections, particularly in nouns. The word formation of verbs is syncretic. Conjunctions are the principal means of syntactic bonding. The vocabulary contains many borrowings from Sanskrit, Chinese, Spanish, and English.

The national literary Tagalog language is based on the Manila dialect of the late 17th to the early 18th century. The written language is based on Latin; in the mid-18th century it replaced the original syllabic writing, which originated in the Dravidian writing system.


Krus, M., and L. I. Shkarban. Tagal’skii iazyk. Moscow, 1966.
Makarenko, V. A. Tagal’skoe slovoobrazovanie. Moscow, 1970.
Krus, M., and S. P. Ignashev. Tagal’sko-russkii slovar’. Moscow, 1959.
Krus, M., and S. P. Ignashev. Russko-tagal’skii slovar’. Moscow, 1965.
Blake, F. R. A Grammar of the Tagalog Language. New York, 1967.
Ward, J. H. A Bibliography of Philippine Linguistics and Minor Languages. Ithaca, N.Y., 1971.
Gonzalez, A. B., T. Llamzon, and E. Otanes, eds. Readings in Philippine Linguistics. Manila, 1973.



1. a member of a people of the Philippines, living chiefly in the region around Manila
2. the language of this people, belonging to the Malayo-Polynesian family: the official language of the Philippines
References in periodicals archive ?
Aside from Tagalog and his native English, Ahmad is also conversant in Bengali, Urdu, Farsi, French and Kutchi.
The barong tagalog comes in different 'special fabrics' and could be either hand-loomed or machine-woven.
the non-Agent) within subjects design was used for the Tagalog materials.
Translation and Christian Conversion in Tagalog Society Under Early Spanish Rule (Ithaca and London, 1988) and Reynaldo Ileto, Pasyon And Revolution: Popular Movements In The Philippines, 1840-1910 (Quezon City, 1979).
There are four important (very productive) systems of derivational affixation in Tagalog, most of which are highly, if not exclusively, prefixing in nature.
She was constantly grabbing for a newspaper, and the blare of Tagalog news radio usually filled the living room before dawn.
The place has been known in the past as the bastion of NPA insurgency in Southern Tagalog.
The challenge for me is to write more in Tagalog, which is quite different from what I am used to," she said at a conference.
He was the first Jesuit who worked on a Tagalog dictionary (Vocabulario de la lengua Tagala published in 1754) when this task was passed to the Jesuits by the Dominicans.
Padilla, who serves as a judge at the talent show 'Pilipinas Got Talent' drew flak from netizens for his treatment of the Korean contestant who was not speaking Tagalog.
Batangas City, Batangas-- The Southern Tagalog Arterial Road (STAR) Tollway will be renamed Apolinario Mabini Superhighway (AMS) after a resolution was approved by the Sangguniang Panlalawigan on Monday implementing Republic Act 9462.