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(both: tī`nän`), city (1994 pop. 706,811), W central Taiwan, on the Taiwan Strait. The fourth largest city of Taiwan, it has industries producing metals, textiles, machinery, processed foods, and handicrafts. It is also a center for the marketing and processing of sugarcane, rice, peanuts, and salt, and there is an important fishing industry. Settled in 1590, Tainan is the oldest city of Taiwan. It was taken over by the Dutch and used as their headquarters from 1624 to 1662. It then became the island's capital under KoxingaKoxinga
, Mandarin Kuo-hsing-yeh [lord of the imperial surname], 1624–62, Chinese general, whose original name was Chêng Ch'êng-kung. From 1646 to 1660 he led many unsuccessful campaigns of Ming dynasty loyalists against the invading Ch'ing dynasty.
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 and his son. Called Taiwan or Taiwanfu, it remained the political center of the island until the transfer of government to Taipei in 1885, when the city was renamed Tainan. A cultural center, it has many temples, the shrine of Koxinga, and a modern college of engineering.



a city in China, in Taiwan Province; situated on the southwestern coast of the island of Taiwan. Anp’ing, the city’s outer port, is administratively part of T’ainan. Population, 485,000 (1971). T’ainan is a transportation junction and the trade and industrial center of a developed agricultural region that produces sugarcane and rice. There are also local sugar refineries and chemical and textile industries. Salt is mined near T’ainan.


, T'ai-nan
a city in the SW Taiwan: an early centre of Chinese emigration from the mainland; largest city and capital of the island (1638--1885); Chengkung University. Pop.: 754 000 (2005 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
Tainan has seen 80 percent of the island's cases of dengue, while Taipei had the highest number of people with dengue that had caught it elsewhere, authorities said.
The boy, a member of the South Korean baseball team, arrived in Taiwan on July 22 for the 2015 U-12 Baseball World Cup of the World Baseball and Softball Confederation (WBSC) in Tainan, the city's Department of Health Director Lin Sheng-che ([currency]uauuo) told reporters.
Tainan city is the cradle of Taiwanese development with precious historical and cultural assets, making its long history.
According to CAL, it expects to provide a more convenient service to Tainan residents traveling to China, since they have had to go further south to Kaohsiung International Airport to catch flights.
The firm's headquarters in Tainan, southern Taiwan, is also investing in setting up a new chrome-plating production line to double capacity.
Former Tainan Mayor Hsu Tain-tsair comfortably beat the KMT's Chen Shu-huey 61.
A Tainan Seminary student spends his summer field placement at VST, with the hope that it will become a two-way placement program between Taiwanese and Canadian students.
Fares for THSR travel to Taoyuan will be TWD288 from Taichung, TWD488 from Chiayi, TWD588 from Tainan and TWD688 from Zuoying (Kaohsiung).
Earlier this month on a tour of South-East Asia, Paul found his fame had even spread to the obscure Taiwanese city of Tainan, best known as the place where Momofuku Ando invented instant noodles.
26, Zih Lian Road, Fonghua Village, Sinhsih Township, Tainan County 74445, Taiwan (ROC).
Tokyo, Japan, Dec 9, 2005 - (JCN) - Chisso has started constructing a new liquid crystal blend facility in the Tainan Science Park in Taiwan to meet the island country's ever increasing demand for LCDs and other related products.
But shoppers in Tainan, Taiwan, ran into something a lot more unexpected last January: whale intestines.