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Born Mar. 4, 1878; died June 9, 1923. Japanese writer.
Takeo Arishima was born into an aristocratic family and began to be published in 1910. In his youth, he was very interested in anarchism and the ideas of P. A. Kropotkin. He joined the “White Birch” literary group, which adhered to Tolstoy’s ideas and expressed democratic ideas in the literature of that time. Later on, Arishima became acquainted with socialist ideas and contributed funds to the workers’ movement. In the novel One Woman’s Story (1913–1919), Arishima defends the right to freedom of feeling. The story “Descendant of Cain” (1917) and the novella The Pain of Being Born (1918) depict the hard life of the peasants and fishermen on Hokkaido. The article “One Confession” (1923) asserts the inevitability of the socialist revolution. At the end of his life Takeo Arishima gave away his lands to the peasants. He committed suicide.
WORKSZenshu, vols. 1–10. Tokyo, 1924.
In Russian translation:
Zhenshchina—Potomok Kaina. Moscow, 1967.