Talion


Also found in: Dictionary, Medical, Legal, Wikipedia.
Related to Talion: Talion Law

Talion

 

the principle of retributive punishment (“an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth”) that emerged as a rule of law in tribal societies and was invoked by slaveholders in ancient times. According to talion, the injury inflicted on a guilty person should equal the injury that such person committed. This notion was most vividly expressed in Hammurabi’s code, in Babylonia. It also found expression in ancient European law; some elements of talion, for example, were included in the Twelve Tables of Rome.

Talion, therefore, stemmed from a desire to limit blood feuds by allowing for the exaction of retribution equivalent to an injury done. In modern times talionic ideas have appeared in the writings of a number of philosophers, among them I. Kant and G. Hegel; in the bourgeois science of criminal law; and, preeminently, in the works of the representatives of the classical school of criminal law.

Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
The game somehow remains challenging through the campaign, despite Talion being OP.
Written in 1798-1799, Hegel's Der Geist des Christentums associates Christianity with the highest moral order, contrasting it with Judaism's less-developed talion law.
La place du talion dans l'histoire du droit penal a la lumiere des droits du Proche-Orient ancient, Tolouse: Centre d'historie juridique meridionale.
Par la suite, la loi du talion a ete transposee dans l'Ancien Testament sous la formule generique <<oeil pour oeil, dent pour dent >> (88).
With his new wraith powers augmenting his already formidable ranger abilities, Talion is now uniquely equipped to accomplish what Sean Bean's meme has been telling us for years is impossible to do: Simply Walk Into Mordor, and exact his vengeance.
Talion is armed with a sword, dagger and bow and arrow, but he's too weak initially to take on Sauron's vicious Uruk war chiefs.
A diferencia de Kant, en Hegel la pena retribuye el dano causado al ordenamiento juridico y no la lesion a la victima, por lo que un delito podria acarrear una pena mas grave o una mas leve que lo que aconsejaria la ley del Talion (23).
De hecho a finales del siglo XVIII la prision habia adquirido el estatus de forma de castigo privilegiada frente a algunas consideradas mas arcaicas y salvajes como la ley del talion, el patibulo o el suplicio (Foucault, 2003, pag.
Garcia rememora sus anos de lucha durante la guerra civil, su internamiento en diferentes campos de concentracion, y su participacion en la resistencia antifranquista, formando parte del grupo guerrillero Talion, motivo por el que sera condenado a la pena de muerte en 1952, que posteriormente le fue conmutada.
89-153), Bauschke argues that the GR differs significantly from the "eye for an eye" talion principle, as it expects empathy with an opponent.
Con posterioridad, con la expedicion la ley Aquilia (lex aquilia), se establecio el damnum iniuria datum, de tal forma que cuando el afectado con la lesion era un esclavo, se abria paso la reclamacion y el pago de una indemnizacion por ese concepto, mientras que si la misma se irrogaba a un hombre libre se aplicaba la ley del Talion porque esa afectacion no podia ser compensada en dinero (42).
Aparece asi la Ley del Talion (de talis, el mismo o semejante) "ojo por ojo, diente por diente, rotura por rotura y "la Composicion o Rescate del Derecho de Venganza".