tapir

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tapir

(tā`pər), nocturnal, herbivorous mammal, genus Tapirus, of the jungles of Central and South America and SE Asia. The tapir is somewhat piglike in appearance; however, it is not related to the pig, but to the horsehorse,
hoofed, herbivorous mammal now represented by a single extant genus, Equus. The term horse commonly refers only to the domestic Equus caballus and to the wild Przewalski's horse.
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 and the rhinocerosrhinoceros,
massive hoofed mammal of Africa, India, and SE Asia, characterized by a snout with one or two horns. The rhinoceros family, along with the horse and tapir families, forms the order of odd-toed hoofed mammals.
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, with which it forms the order of odd-toed hoofed mammals. The body of the tapir is rounded and covered with sparse fur. Its snout is long and flexible. The legs are short and end in broad feet with hoofed toes; there are four toes on the front feet and five on the hind feet. Tapirs live in dense forest, browsing by night on leaves and twigs. Usually found near water, they swim well and drink a great deal. They often take to water when threatened and can crash through thick underbrush with great speed.

The Asian, or Malayan, tapir, T. indicus, of Malaya and Sumatra, is black with a white saddle extending over the rump. The adult is about 3 ft (90 cm) high at the shoulder and 6 to 8 ft (180–240 cm) long; it weighs about 650 lb (300 kg). The Malayan tapir is considered endangered. There are three New World species. The South American, or Brazilian, tapir, T. terrestris, inhabits marshy lowlands from Colombia to N Argentina. The adult, a little smaller than the Asian species, is a uniform dark brown, but the young is conspicuously striped and spotted. The Central American, or Baird's, tapir, T. bairdi, is similarly colored but almost as large as a donkey. It is found in undisturbed rain forests from S Mexico to NW South America; because of the continuous elimination of this habitat the existence of this species is threatened. The mountain tapir, T. pinchaque, is found at high altitudes in the Andes Mts. and has thick, black fur.

Tapirs were widely distributed in tropical regions until the Pleistocene epoch, when most species became extinct. They are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Mammalia, order Perissodactyla, family Tapiridae.

tapir

[′tā·pər]
(vertebrate zoology)
Any of several large odd-toed ungulates of the family Tapiridae that have a heavy, sparsely hairy body, stout legs, a prehensile muzzle, a short tail, and small eyes.

tapir

any perissodactyl mammal of the genus Tapirus, such as T. indicus (Malayan tapir), of South and Central America and SE Asia, having an elongated snout, three-toed hind legs, and four-toed forelegs: family Tapiridae
References in periodicals archive ?
Segun las leyes mexicanas como la NOM-059-SEMARNAT-2010 (SEMARNAT 2010), 43 especies de mamiferos mexicanos estan en peligro de extincion incluyendo el tapir centroamericano (Tapirus bairdii).
You can guess what is top of Archie's Christmas list when he turns seven - the minimum age you have to be to get up close and personal with a tapir.
Baird's tapirs live throughout Central America (except in El Salvador), in southern Mexico, and in northern South America.
MEET Adi the Malayan tapir calf, an adorable character who will play a starring role in the survival of his species.
Brazilian tapirs are found in lowland regions of northern and central South America.
We estimated the "monthly frequency" of mineral-lick use by tapirs and pacas by calculating visitation rates at each site as the number of visits per day that cameras were working during the month.
The study allowed researchers to analyse the effect of dispersion by tapirs on the seed survival of nine different plants.
The lowland tapir also known as the Brazilian tapir - or Tapirus terrestis - resemble.
Tapirs are not native to the sheltered suburban enclave of Verona New Jersey where Fry grew up; the most exotic animal she was likely to encounter was Fluffy the neighborhood cat.
Government officials there wanted a dam, too, and the fact that it would threaten a unique population of jaguars, tapirs and critically endangered scarlet macaws didn't faze them.