tapir

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tapir

(tā`pər), nocturnal, herbivorous mammal, genus Tapirus, of the jungles of Central and South America and SE Asia. The tapir is somewhat piglike in appearance; however, it is not related to the pig, but to the horsehorse,
hoofed, herbivorous mammal now represented by a single extant genus, Equus. The term horse commonly refers only to the domestic Equus caballus and to the wild Przewalski's horse.
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 and the rhinocerosrhinoceros,
massive hoofed mammal of Africa, India, and SE Asia, characterized by a snout with one or two horns. The rhinoceros family, along with the horse and tapir families, forms the order of odd-toed hoofed mammals.
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, with which it forms the order of odd-toed hoofed mammals. The body of the tapir is rounded and covered with sparse fur. Its snout is long and flexible. The legs are short and end in broad feet with hoofed toes; there are four toes on the front feet and five on the hind feet. Tapirs live in dense forest, browsing by night on leaves and twigs. Usually found near water, they swim well and drink a great deal. They often take to water when threatened and can crash through thick underbrush with great speed.

The Asian, or Malayan, tapir, T. indicus, of Malaya and Sumatra, is black with a white saddle extending over the rump. The adult is about 3 ft (90 cm) high at the shoulder and 6 to 8 ft (180–240 cm) long; it weighs about 650 lb (300 kg). The Malayan tapir is considered endangered. There are three New World species. The South American, or Brazilian, tapir, T. terrestris, inhabits marshy lowlands from Colombia to N Argentina. The adult, a little smaller than the Asian species, is a uniform dark brown, but the young is conspicuously striped and spotted. The Central American, or Baird's, tapir, T. bairdi, is similarly colored but almost as large as a donkey. It is found in undisturbed rain forests from S Mexico to NW South America; because of the continuous elimination of this habitat the existence of this species is threatened. The mountain tapir, T. pinchaque, is found at high altitudes in the Andes Mts. and has thick, black fur.

Tapirs were widely distributed in tropical regions until the Pleistocene epoch, when most species became extinct. They are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Mammalia, order Perissodactyla, family Tapiridae.

tapir

[′tā·pər]
(vertebrate zoology)
Any of several large odd-toed ungulates of the family Tapiridae that have a heavy, sparsely hairy body, stout legs, a prehensile muzzle, a short tail, and small eyes.

tapir

any perissodactyl mammal of the genus Tapirus, such as T. indicus (Malayan tapir), of South and Central America and SE Asia, having an elongated snout, three-toed hind legs, and four-toed forelegs: family Tapiridae
References in periodicals archive ?
En un estudio realizado por Viteri (2013) para evaluar la conectividad de habitat de Tapirus pinchaque en el corredor con el programa Conefor, de igual forma se encontro que el area de Influencia del poblado de Imbana, es una zona estrategica para la conservacion del tapir ya que constituye una ruta de paso entre las areas protegidas, con una mayor presencia en fragmentos grandes y continuos de bosques y paramos (Isaacs 2011).
Trichostrongyloidea-CooperiidaeObeliscoidinae), a parasite of Holochilus brasiliensis and Tapirus terrestris.
6000 NSA1 Bugio Cebus apella 2500 NSA,NSA1, Macaco-prego NSA2 Ordem Carnivora Familia Canidae Speothos venaticus 6000 NSA1, NSA2 Cachorro-do-mato Familia Felidae Leopardus pardalis 10000 NSA Jaguatirica Puma concolor 74500 NSA2 Sucuarana Ordem Perissodactyla Famila Tapiridae Tapirus terrestris 23900 NSA2, NSA3 Anta, tapir Ordem Artiodactyla Familia Tayassuidae Tayassu pecari 30000 NSA1, NSA2 Porco-do-mato Familia Cervidae Mazama sp.
Patron de actividad de Tapirus pinchaque en distintos habitats y fases lunares, en la hacienda San Antonio, flanco oriental del volcan Tungurahua.
NOMBRE COMUN NOMBRE CIENTIFICO GRADO DE VULNERABILIDAD 1 2 3 Alta Media Baja Armadillo Cabassous unicinctus X Oso perezoso Bradypus variegatus X Mono titi Callicebus moloch X Mono araguato Alouatta seniculus X Danta Tapirus tmestru X Tigre mariposo Panthera onca X Oso hormiguero Mirmecophaga tndactyla X Perro de agua Pteronm brasilimh X Lapa Agouti paco X Chiguiro Hydrochoenis hydrochaeris X Pava llanera Penelope jacquacu X Venado Maiam americana X Tortuga tereca Poaocnem unifilis X Tortuga morrocoy Geochelone scluptaj X
2006) mencionaron que hay una tesis sobre Artiodactyla realizada en el departamento de Putumayo y un estudio relacionado con la danta Tapirus terrestris (Perissodactyla), no fue posible localizar dichas fuentes.
Baron] Osito cangrejero, Osito lavador Cuvier) Perissodactyla Tapiridae Tapirus terrestris (Linnaeus) Tapir del llano amazonico, Sachavaca Cetartiodactyla Tayassuidae Pecari tajacu (Linnaeus) Sajino Tayassu pecari (Link) Pecari boquiblanco, Huangana Cervidae Mazama americana (Erxleben) Venado colorado, Puca luicho Mazama nemorivaga (F.
Trichostrongyloidea-Cooperiidae-Obeliscoidinae), a parasite of Holochilus brasiliensis and Tapirus terrestris.
A fim de testar a validade das novas metodologias de determinacao de site catchment, utilizamos algumas das formulas acima em uma plataforma de GIS adotando como exemplo alguns sitios escolhidos de maneira direcionada a partir do Banco de Dados Tapirus.
The presence of jaws of Equus, Bison, Tapirus and Camelops and a mammoth skull and associated partial skeleton suggests that some, if not most, of the Pleistocene specimens were not transported very far.