Tarawa


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Tarawa

(tərä`wə, tăr`əwä), atoll (1990 pop. 28,802), capital of KiribatiKiribati
, officially Republic of Kiribati (2005 est. pop. 103,000), 342 sq mi (886 sq km), consisting of 33 islands scattered across 2,400 mi (3,860 km) of the Pacific Ocean near the equator.
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, central Pacific, previously capital of the former British colony of the Gilbert and Ellice Islands. The administrative center of the atoll is Bairiki island. Betio island, the chief commercial center of country, is a port of entry through which copra and pearl shell exported. Tarawa is the site of a teacher's training college and a marine training school, as well as an international airport. The population is mainly Micronesian.

During World War II the colony headquarters were moved there from BanabaBanaba
or Ocean Island,
island (1990 pop. 284), 2.2 sq mi (5.7 sq km), central Pacific, in the Republic of Kiribati, in the Gilbert Islands. The island was first visited by the British in 1804, was annexed in 1900, and from 1907 was the administrative capital of the
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 (formerly Ocean Island). Tarawa was occupied by the Japanese (1941–43) and fell to U.S. marines after a bloody battle. Since the early 1990s the southern part of the capital, particularly Betio, has become increasingly overcrowded, leading the government to resettle residents on less crowded islands.

Tarawa

an atoll in Kiribati, occupying a chain of islets surrounding a lagoon in the W central Pacific: the capital of Kiribati, Bairiki, is on this atoll. Pop.: 32 354 (1995)
References in periodicals archive ?
Kwakwa will also travel to North Tarawa to see initiatives under phase three of the Kiribati Adaptation Program, including rainwater harvesting systems and officiate at the groundbreaking ceremony for a water reticulation project on South Tarawa.
Tarawa was transferred to Hadasah, Ein Kerem hospital in critical condition, where until the moment; conflicting reports are circling the media about his fate.
We are standing in a stiff breeze on a grassy knoll, beside the glittery sheen of a lagoon, deep in the outer islands, two or three hours in a small plane and half a dozen atolls south of Tarawa.
Olson's detailed tide analysis explained why the 1943 amphibious landing at Tarawa was a near-disaster for the U.
During combat on Tarawa in 1943, he became frustrated by the difficulty in communicating with the Japanese troops to surrender, because they could not hear anything above the battle noises.
The 5th Marine Division was in for more training, this time at Camp Tarawa on the Parker cattle ranch.
I really enjoyed Garry James' March Tarawa article.
USS Tarawa (LHA 1), USS Saipan (LHA 2) and USS Belleau Wood (LHA 3), appropriately bearing the names of battles where Marines achieved significant victories, stood their watches through multiple deployments.
The former crewmen of the USS Tarawa (CV/CVA/CVS 40) will be holding their next reunion in April 2011 in Baltimore, Md.
As part of Task Force Tarawa, the lead Marine unit, Doran's Weapons Co, 1st Bn, 2nd Marine Regiment rolled into An-Nasiriyah on too-little sleep, some incredibly bad Intel, and ended up fighting a 7-day battle against some incredibly motivated Iraqi defenders.
One Square Mile of Hell relates the story of the November 1943 battle for the Tarawa Atoll from the personal level of the Marines who endured this remarkably bloody fight.
In the early 1980's, two solvents, trichloroethylene (TCE) and perchloroethylene (PCE), both unregulated at the time, were found in two water systems serving the Tarawa Terrace and Hadnot Point areas.