Tarim


Also found in: Dictionary, Wikipedia.
Related to Tarim: Tarim Basin

Tarim

(dārēm`), Mandarin Dayan, chief river of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, NW China, c.1,300 mi (2,090 km) long, formed by the union of the Aksu and the Yarkant rivers at the western end of the Taklimakan desert, and flowing generally east, along the northern edge of the desert, to Lop NurLop Nur
, salt basin, SE Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, China, in the Tarim River basin. Since 1964, Lop Nur has been used by the China for its nuclear test explosions.
..... Click the link for more information.
, a largely dried-up salt lake. KashiKashi
or Kashgar
, city (1994 est. pop. 190,500), SW Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, China, on the Kaxgar (Kashgar) River (a tributary of the Tarim). It is the hub of an important commercial district, the western terminus of the main road of the province, and a
..... Click the link for more information.
 (Kashgar) is the region's largest city. The river, which is silt-laden, gives its name to the arid Tarim basin, a great depression, c.800 mi (1,290 km) long and 400 mi (640 km) wide, surrounded by the lofty Tian Shan, Kunlun, and Pamir mountains; the Taklimakan occupies most of the basin. Over 50% of Xinjiang's population live in the basin's oases. China's nuclear-testing center is located at the eastern end of the Tarim basin, near Lop Nur. Archaelogical excavations at ancient sites in the region dating from 2,000 to 4,000 years old have revealed the mummified remains of people with Caucasian features. DNA research indicates that these early inhabitants may be of mixed European and Siberian descent, and linguists have speculated that they spoke Tokharian, an extinct Indo-European language known from surviving inscriptions. The important Silk Road between China and Europe passed through the basin.

Tarim

 

(or Tarim Darya), a river in western China; part of its basin is in the USSR. Measuring 2,030 km in length, the Tarim is the longest river in Central Asia; it drains an area of 951,500 sq km, including the basins of the lakes Lop Nor and Kara Buran Kol. The main arm of the Tarim is the Yarkand River, which rises in the Karakoram Range and is called the Raskem Darya in its upper course. The Tarim flows mainly along the western and northern edge of the Takla-Makan Desert, where the stream becomes dispersed.

In some years, the waters of the Tarim reach as far as the solonchak east of Kara Buran Kol. The river acquires the name “Tarim” after the confluence of the Yarkand with two other arms, the Aksu and Khotan. The Aksu accounts for 70–80 percent of the total discharge into the Tarim; the Yarkand and Khotan dry up in some years. In its middle and lower course, the Tarim divides into numerous branches, forming a chaotic maze of riverbeds and small lakes within a strip up to 80 km wide, where the location of the main channels changes frequently. In its lower course, the Tarim passes near the Konche Darya, with which it is linked by intermittent streams. In years when most of the Tarim’s water flows into the channel of the Konche Darya, the water level of Lop Nor rises considerably. In years when the flow is reversed, the water level of Kara Buren Kol rises and that of Lop Nor drops significantly; sometimes Lop Nor dries up completely. In the past, the Kashgar, Tiznaf, and Keriya rivers flowed into the Tarim; they are now entirely used for irrigation or are lost in the sands.

The Tarim is fed by snow and rain and, in its upper course, by glacial runoff. High water lasts from May through September. The maximum flow rate in the middle course near the city of Aral exceeds 2,500 cu m per sec. The annual drainage at the river’s emergence from the mountains is about 29 cu km; in the lower course it varies between 4 and 8 cu km. The river freezes in winter.

The Tarim is rich in fishes, including Old World minnows (genus Schizothorax), the osman (genus Diptychus), and the loach Nemachilus barbatulo. In the lower course there are reed thickets, which are nesting places for water birds. The rivers in the Tarim River basin are widely used for irrigation, particularly in the Yarkand, Kashgar, and Aksu oases.

N. T. KUZNETSOV

Tarim

a river in NW China, in Xinjiang Uygur AR: flows east along the N edge of the Taklimakan Shama desert, dividing repeatedly and forming lakes among the dunes, finally disappearing in the Lop Nor depression; the chief river of Xinjiang Uygur AR; drains the great Tarim Basin between the Tian Shan and Kunlun mountain systems of central Asia, an area of about 906 500 sq. km (350 000 sq. miles). Length: 2190 km (1360 miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
Seventy-five points can get a student expelled, although Tarim says no Harmony school has yet to expel a student.
among the most important human remains and archaeological finds because of their high degree of preservation, which has allowed scientists to see far more detail than would normally be expected in a burial site," asserts Victor Mair, professor of Chinese Language and Literature at the University of Pennsylvania, consulting scholar at the Penn Museum, and author of The Tarim Mummies.
The Graves of Tarim is concerned with describing frst, an early modern and modern, or pre-colonial and colonial, Indian Ocean world wherein Hadrami sayyids profited from mediatory roles as "local" and "cosmopolitan", and second, the turning point--the Second World War--which destroyed this world through a "universal lockdown" of "cosmopolitans" into nation-states (pp.
I do agree with the notion the ability of the security to crash al-Qa'eda Tarim cell and kill one of its masterminds immediately after their suicide attack in Sayoun against the security compound demonstrates lack of discipline and coordination among these militants.
Strabo reports that some Roman vessels sailed as far as the Ganges and it was perhaps these traders who established the first contacts between Rome and the southern Tarim territories.
The final part ("Returns") turns its attention again to Tarim and its graves in the context of pilgrimage and repatriation in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries.
This gas-duct, one of the most ambitious projects of its kind ever seen in China, will bring natural gas from Tarim in Xinjiang, in the north-west of the country, to the highly industrialised Shanghai region in the east.
The influence of the subcontinent is most clearly seen in Tarim, at the end of one of the many tributary wadis.
This is a feast of scholarly interpretation, reportage, laboratory results, and speculation centering on the recent excavations of burial goods, skeletons, and dessicated corpses of the early inhabitants of the Tarim Basin and surrounding areas.
Elizabeth Barber documents the exciting discovery of perfectly preserved Tarim mummies estimated to be 3,500 years old, in northwest China near Urumchi.
Galatasary have appointed national manager Fatih Tarim as their next boss.
Born into an aristocratic family, he was the younger brother of the famous historian Pan Ku and of the equally illustrious female writer Pan Chao; sent by the Emperor Ming Ti to Central Asia, he employed guile, ingenuity, and personal bravery as well as military skill to secure Chinese control of the Tarim Basin by 91; this opened the Silk Road to the West; this operation is even more noteworthy because Pan Ch'ao accomplished it cheaply, employing armies of local tribesmen to subdue other tribes, even smashing a 70,000-man Kushan army (90); remained as protector-general of the Western Regions until his death (102), during which time he sent an expedition under Kan Ying across Parthia (Khorosan) in an unsuccessful attempt to reach Rome (94-97).