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(1) Among Turkic peoples in the Middle Ages, a feudal lord (prince) or a person of any of several other social groups free of taxation.

(2) The tax-exempt lands and property of the feudal lords of the Transcaucasus, Middle Asia, and the khanates of Kazan, Astrakhan, and the Crimea.

(3) A kind of medieval Russian public-legal document (see).


Kashtanov, S. M. “K voprosu o klassifikatsii i sostavlenii zagolovkov zhalovannykh gramot.” Istoricheskii arkhiv, 1956, no. 3.
References in periodicals archive ?
Islam Seit-Umarovich Atabiyev, a Russian national, who is the deputy to US and UN-designated ISIL commander Tarkhan Tayumurazovich Batirashvili (AKA Umar al-Shishani).
The US Secretary of State, John Kerry, had authorized payments for intelligence on Abd al-Rahman Mustafa al-Qaduli, Abu Mohammed al-Adnani, Tarkhan Tayumurazovich Batirashvili and Tariq Bin-al-Tahar Bin al Falih al-'Awni al-Harzi.
The Secretary of State has authorised rewards of up to $7 million for information on 'Abd al-Rahman Mustafa al-Qaduli; up to $5 million each for information on Abu Mohammed al-Adnani and Tarkhan Tayumurazovich Batirashvili; and up to $3 million for information on Tariq Bin-al-Tahar Bin al Falih al-'Awni al-Harzi.
27] Jamshidi, Samaneh, Tarkhan, Morteza, Akbari, Bahman and Zare, Hossein, 2012.
The update added Jordanian citizens Ashraf Muhammad Yusuf Uthman Abd al-Salam and Abd al-Malik Muhammad Yusuf Uthman Abd al-Salam; Qatari citizen Ibrahim Isa Hajji Muhammad al-Bakr; and Georgian citizen Tarkhan Tayumurazovich Batirashvili to the list of individuals linked with al-Qaeda.
Al-Shishani, born Tarkhan Batirashvili, is among the most recognizable members of the ISIL's leadership.
His supporters, including the elderly, greeted Chautala at Rajkheda, Khapad, Badoda, Jheel, Budayan, Surbura, Uchana Kalan, Kabarcha, Tarkhan and Uchana Mandi areas.
Take the case of Umar Shishani, a Georgian national born Tarkhan Batirashvili and raised in the Pankisi Valley who is now a military leader in ISIL.
Abu Nasr Mohammad Ibn Mohammad Ibn Tarkhan Ibn Uzalagh Al Farabi (AD870-950), a Muslim of Persian descent who was born in the city of Farab in the Khorasan province of today's Iran, studied in Baghdad with Christian scholars, including the cleric Yuhannah Ibn Haylan, Yahya Ibn Adi and Abu Ishaq Ebrahim Al Baghdadi.
According to the Iziko catalogue cards, two of the mummies (1718a-b) are from Kafr Ammar, the later cemeteries at Tarkhan 50 km south of Cairo, excavated by Petrie (1915).