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(1) Among Turkic peoples in the Middle Ages, a feudal lord (prince) or a person of any of several other social groups free of taxation.

(2) The tax-exempt lands and property of the feudal lords of the Transcaucasus, Middle Asia, and the khanates of Kazan, Astrakhan, and the Crimea.

(3) A kind of medieval Russian public-legal document (see).


Kashtanov, S. M. “K voprosu o klassifikatsii i sostavlenii zagolovkov zhalovannykh gramot.” Istoricheskii arkhiv, 1956, no. 3.
References in periodicals archive ?
She read out paper on 'Tomb of Eesa Tarkhan II: The place of converging architectural idioms' and said the tomb displayed a fusion of Central Asian and Indian influences with the local architecture, she said.
In 1555, the Portuguese were invited by Mirza Isa Tarkhan (d.
of R/Gullies and I/L Pavers from Billa Tarkhan via Rinka, Balwinder, Shadi Ram, Surja, Ram Kumar to Ram Lakhan.
In the summer of that year, Tarkhan Batirashvili, a Georgian Chechen better known by his kunya (nom de guerre) of Omar al-Shishani (Omar the Chechen) established the Muhajireen Brigade in Syria composed almost entirely of battle-tested Muslims from the Russian Federation.
Born with the name Tarkhan Tayumurazovich Batirashvili, the notorious militant once fought as a rebel in Chechnya before joining Georgia's military in 2006.
Shishani, whose real name is Tarkhan Batirashvili, was a battle-hardened fighter originally from Georgia's Pankisi Gorge region.
In 2012, Tarkhan Batirashvili set off from his home in ex-Soviet Georgia on a journey that would pave the way to last week's suicide attack on Istanbul airport.
Radiocarbon dating puts the dress, recovered from an ancient Egyptian cemetery called Tarkhan, at between 5,100 and 5,400 years old.
Al-Shishani, whose real name was Tarkhan Batirashvili, was an ethnic Chechen from the former Soviet Republic of Georgia.
That was Tarkhan Batirashvili, a rare jihadi strategist whom Baghdadi named Umar al-Shishani.
Shishani, whose name was originally Tarkhan Tayumurazovich Batirashvili, oversaw a prison facility near Raqqa where Daesh possibly held foreign hostages.
Tarkhan Tayumurazovich Batirashvili, also known as Abu Umar al-Shishani, is believed to have been killed in the aerial attack last Friday, according to U.