Tasmanian devil


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Tasmanian devil,

extremely voracious marsupialmarsupial
, member of the order Marsupialia, or pouched mammals. With the exception of the New World opossums and an obscure S American family (Caenolestidae), marsupials are now found only in Australia, Tasmania, New Guinea, and a few adjacent islands.
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, or pouched mammal, of the dasyuredasyure
, name for several small, predatory marsupials, or pouched mammals, of the family Dasyuridea, found in Australia, Tasmania, and New Guinea. Typical dasyures, known in Australia as native cats, are furry animals with large eyes, pointed snouts, and long tails.
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 family, now found only on the island of Tasmania. The Tasmanian devil, Sarcophilus harrisi, formerly found also in Australia, is about 2 ft (60 cm) long, excluding the 12-in. (30-cm) tail. It has a large head, with powerful jaws, and weak hindquarters. Its blackish fur is marked with white patches on the throat, on each side, and on the rump. The animal has a fierce appearance. It is very strong for its size and preys on animals larger than itself, such as small kangaroos, as well as on rodents, lizards, and other small animals. It lives in burrows in rocky areas.

Like the related thylacinethylacine
or Tasmanian wolf,
carnivorous marsupial, or pouched mammal, of New Guinea, Australia, and Tasmania, presumed extinct since 1936. The thylacine is often cited as an example of convergent evolution: It was superficially quite similar to a wolf or dog, although
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, or Tasmanian wolf, the Tasmanian devil was relentlessly hunted because of its inroads on domestic livestock and poultry. Although it survived in sizable numbers in remote areas of the island, it is now threatened by a fatal contagious facial cancer that has spread steadily and decimated infected populations since the late 1990s. In 2009 the Tasmanian devil was officially declared endangered. A lack of genetic diversity in the marsupial has facilitated the cancer's spread; the recent discovery of a possibly resistant genetically different population in W Tasmania has raised hopes for the species. Efforts are being made to establish a sizable disease-free population on the Australian mainland.

The Tasmanian devil is classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Mammalia, order Marsupialia, family Dasyuridae.

Tasmanian Devil

 

(Sarcophilus harrisii), a mammal of the family Dasyuridae. The body length varies from 52 to 80 cm, and the tail length, from 23 to 30 cm. The head is disproportionately large. The body is covered with short black hairs. There are white patches on the snout, chest, and sides. The pouch opens posteriorly. The Tasmanian devil is distributed in Tasmania, where it inhabits forests. A nocturnal animal, it shelters during the day in rock crevices and in cavities beneath fallen trees. It feeds on a variety of vertebrates. It reproduces once a year, producing up to four young per litter. Its numbers are few.

Tasmanian devil

a small ferocious carnivorous marsupial, Sarcophilus harrisi, of Tasmania, having black fur with pale markings, strong jaws, and short legs: family Dasyuridae
References in periodicals archive ?
Scientists from the Save the Tasmanian Devil Program have worked for years to understand the disease and to find ways to prevent healthy devils from getting it.
Tasmanian devils may look cute and cuddly, but when threatened, they will shriek, howl, bare teeth, and spin around in circles.
Those opposing it were concerned about the threat to the Tasmanian devil from mining, trucking and logging activity, particularly by the threat of that activity in hastening the spread of Devil Facial Tumour Disease.
1] A Tasmanian devil has DFTD, a cancerous tumor on its face.
The Tasmanian state government's Save the Tasmanian Devil Program established an ''Insurance Population'' back in 2005, in which DFTD-free animals have been sent to mainland Australia to be bred in captivity.
Up to 80 healthy Tasmanian devils will be released on Maria Island, off the east coast of Tasmania, in attempt to build an 'insurance population' against the devastating Devil Facial Tumour Disease (DFTD) a contagious cancer that has been spreading through the devil population since 1996.
A vicious cancer has wiped out 70 percent of the world's population of wild Tasmanian devils, and if nothing changes, these animals might be extinct in the wild in 30 to 50 years.
Australia's Tasmanian devil population was cut in half during the 1990s due to a widespread cancer that leaves the animals with tumors on their faces.
Lauren, from Flint Mountain, - whose recipe beat dishes such as Tasmanian Deviled Eggs for Loony Tunes character Tasmanian Devil, and a Gromelette for Wallace from Wallace and Gromit - won a culinary weekend in London and will have her recipe published in one of Karmel's forthcoming cookbooks.
The Tasmanian devil, the world's largest surviving marsupial carnivore, has been listed as "endangered" in Australia as a contagious facial cancer threatens to wipe out the entire wild population.
How intensive hunting of the Tasmanian devil has resulted in a weakening of the marsupial's immunity to cancer.
Naturewise Conservation Holidays, operated by CVA, give international visitors to Australia an opportunity to learn more about the plight of the Tasmanian Devil and contribute to efforts to save it from extinction.

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